Textbook Notes (369,100)
Canada (162,379)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 12

Chapter 12.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Chapter 12 Cognitive topics in personality Diallo case  police mistakenly shot a man can fired 41 bullets  cognitive approaches to personality  personalizing cognition - the science prompted a recall a similar event from their own life  objectifying cognition - scene prompted her to recall objective facts about the distribution of blood vessels  cognition - general term referring to awareness and thinking, as well as to specific, mental acts such as perceiving, attending tom interpreting remembering, deciding  all of these mental behaviours add up to what is called information processing  three levels of cognition - first level perception - process of imposing order on the information our sense organs take in - perception varies by person  second - interpretation - making sense of or explaining various events in the world - interpretation concerns giving meanings to events  third - conscious goals - the standards that people develop for evaluating themselves and others - people develop different beliefs about what is important in life Personality revealed through perception  Field dependence  field dependence versus field independence - field dependence is not being able to look beyond the details to see the big picture  Watkin - Rod and Frame Test (RFT) - using this apparatus, the participant sits n a darkened room and is instructed to watch a glowing rod surrounded by a turning dial - and the participants chair  the participants task is to adjust the rod by turning the dial - so that the rod is perfectly upright  to do this, the participant must ignore the visual cues  if they do not ignore visual cues - field dependent - if they are successful, they are field independent  EFT - hidden figure test - look for smaller drawings within big ones  scores on field independence/ dependence are stable over time field dependence and independence and life choices  education and interpersonal relations  the choice of major in college is related to field in/dependence  field independent students tended to favour natural sciences - field dependent tended to focus on social sciences  field dependent tend to rely on social information and are more friendly = field independent people are more calculated and detached  current research on field dependence in dependence  field independent officers showed better reactions to high stimulating simulations Pain tolerance and sensation reducing/ augmenting  pain tolerance  Petrie's research  reducer/ augmenter theory  some appear to reduce sensory information while others appear to augment it  the brain actually has stronger reactions in sensory augmenters  reducers do more stimulating things - drink coffee smoke Personality revealed through interpretation  Kelly's personal construct theory  Kelly believed primary motivation of all people was to predict what was to happen in their life next  constructs - summarizes a set of observations and conveys the meaning of those observations - gravity is example of scientific construct - smart is another (cannot directly show it but can understand through observations like tests)  personal constructs - provides a lens on how people interpret other people\  Postermodernism - in an intellectual position grounded in the notion that reality is constructed, no single version is anymore privileged than another  most basic idea - fundamental postulate - a person's processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which they anticipate events  people can be different, but if their personal construct are similar, they will get along
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.