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PSYC 2740 (173)
Chapter 14

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 14 Approaches to the self opening  self concept- your understanding of yourself  how you feel about yourself is your self esteem  social identity - how you present youth self to others Descriptive component of the self: self concept development of the self concept  first glimmer occurs in infancy  happens around 18 months  pretend play appears to require self recognition  child has to be about two before they can understand its photos of themselves  develop a sense of self esteem in 2 years of age - understand good and bad behaviour  sex and age 2-3  from ages 3-12 - self concepts based mainly on developing talents and skills  ages 5-6 , children begin to compare themselves to others - beginning of social comparisons - they are now either better or worse than other children  also during this time, children learn they can lie and keep secrets  private self concept -is s major but often difficult development in the growth of the self concept  perspective taking - the ability to take the perspectives of others, or to see oneself as others do  objective self awareness - seeing yourself as an object of other's attention Self-schemata: Possible selves, ought selves, and undesired selves  the term - self schema - refers to the specific knowledge structure, or cognitive representation, of the self concept  self schemata are the building blocks of self concept  possible selves- describes the many ideas people have about who they might become, who they hope to become, or who they fear they'll become  possible selves are like bridges between our present and future self  ideal self - what a person wants themselves to be  ought self - what others want them to be  ought and ideal are guidelines - organizes and motivates behaviour Evaluative component of the self: self-esteem  self esteem results from an evaluation of oneself  evaluation of oneself  global self esteem is an overall self esteem - they can be broken down into categories research on self esteem  reactions to criticism and failure feedback  low self esteem people react poorly to criticism, high self esteem people are motivated  failure is not consistent with the high self esteem self concept - so they think it was as mistake the first time  Self esteem and coping with negative events  high self esteem people tend to cope better with negative events  high self esteem people experience failure in one part of life, they focus on other parts that are still good  self complexity - the idea of compartmentalizing the self - we have many roles and many aspects to our self concept  the more complex your self is, the better you'll cope  The six myths of self esteem  myth one - high self esteem is correlated with all manner of positive characteristics  myth 2 - high self esteem promotes school success  high self esteem promotes success on the job  4 - high self esteem makes a person likeabl
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