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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 15

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PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 15 Selection - forms of situation selection can hinge on personality dispositions and how we view ourselves - mutual attraction or love is the most favoured characteristic by almost everyone in the world - followed by that is, dependable character, emotional stability and pleasing disposition - these choices are similar to the 5 factor model—openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, emotional stability, extraversion - complementary needs theory states that people are attracted to those who have different personality dispositions than they have - attraction similarity theory states that people are attracted to those who have similar personality characteristics - the common finding that people are married to people who are similar to themselves is called assortative mating; people seem to select mates who are similar to themselves even when considering race, ethnicity, weight, height, nose breadth, earlobe length, etc - people consider the ‘ideal’ romantic partner to be someone who is higher on the 5 factor model traits than themselves - people are especially happy with their relationships if they were married to partners who were high on the personality characteristics of Agreeableness, Emotional stability and openness - having a partner who is agreeable is an especially strong predictor of being happy with ones marriage for both men and women - men whose wives score high on conscientiousness are significantly more sexually satisfied with the marriage than are other husbands; women whose husbands score high on conscientiousness are generally more satisfied as well as happier with their spouses as sources of stimulating conversation - optimism predicts high levels of satisfaction in romantic relationships over time - breakups should occur more when ones desires are violated than when they are fulfilled; the violation of desire theory states that people married to tohers who lack desired characteristics, like dependability and emotional stability, will more frequently dissolve the marriage and that the couples with dissimilar personality traits will break up more often - low conscientiousness for men and emotional instability are big predictors of break ups and divorce - low agreeableness and conscientiousness are related to infidelity and extraversion and dominance are linked with high levels of sexual promiscuity - similarity in overall personality profile and individuals conception of an indeal mate are indicative of relationship satisfaction overall - shyness is the tendency to feel tense, worried or anxious during social interactions or even when anticipating them; more than 90% of the popularion expriencces this at some point - shy people are at greater health risk and could be put in potentially dangerous sexual situations since they are less likely to speak up about thngs - also affects whether a person is willing to select risky situations in gambles; shy women chose smaller bets with higher likelihoods of winning and had increases in heart rate but non shy women chose ris
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