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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15

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PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 15 Personality and Social Interaction The Social and Cultural DomainPersonality interacts with situations in three ways through selection evocation and manipulation of the situation these 3 can be applied to an understanding of how personality affects interpersonal situations1 the personality characteristics of others influence whether we select them as our dates friends and marriage partners 2 the personality qualities of others evoke certain responses in us 3 Personality is linked to the ways in which we try to influence or manipulate others these are the key ways in which personality interacts with the social environment Selection situation selection can hinge on personality dispositions and how we view ourselvesin everyday life people choose to enter some situations and avoid others social selections permeate daily life Some are important some trivial Social selections are decision points that direct us to choose one path and avoid another These decisions that determine our social environments are often based on personality characteristics of the selector Mate selection provides a dramatic example of this mechanism when you select a long term mate you place yourself into close and prolonged contact with another This alters the sociaL environment to which you are exposed and in which you will reside By selection a mate you are selecting the social acts you will experience and the network of friends and family in which those acts will be carried out Personality Characteristics Desired in a Marriage Partner investigation of 10 047 individuals located in 6 continents and five islands revealed that personality characteristics play a central role in the selection of a male mutual attraction or love was the most favored characteristic viewed as indispensable by almost everyone in the world after mutual attraction or love personality characteristics loom large in peoples mate selection preferences dependable character emotional stability pleasing dispositionpersonality characteristics were respondents first choice after love Assortive Mating for Personality The Search for the Similar Over the past century two fundamentally competing scientific theories have advanced for who is attracted to whom Complementary Needs Theory postulates that people are attracted to those who have different personality dispositions than they have Attraction Similarity Theory postulates that people are attracted to those who have similar personality characteristics sheer proximity could account for some of the positive correlations It is know that people tend to marry those who are close by the one and only typically lives driving distance away
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