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Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Psychodynamic Theories

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 5Psychodynamic TheoriesPsychodynamic Theory and Sigmund FreudPersonality is a reflection of the dynamic interplay of internal motives and conflictsEndorse the importance of unconscious influences on our conscious behaviours thoughts and feelingsIntrospective Methodanalysis of internal thoughts and images including dreamsSigmund FreudthoMost famous people of 20 centuryComponents of the Psycheidstructure that is present at birth and is the primitive and least rational part of our selves Unconscious and operates according to the pleasure principlePleasure Principleconcept that the id is a demanding structure that seeks pleasure and immediate gratification without concern for the possible consequences of inappropriate thought and actionsLibidoan individuals psychic energy that demands expression contained in the id Believed to be fuelled by this psychosexual energyPrimary Process Thinkingtendency for a person to generate cognitive images of pleasurable stimuli Would occur when fantasizing about sexual activities with someone who is appealing yet unavailableWish Fulfillmentsatisfying a which or desire through primary process thinkingCatharsisreduction of tension by engaging in processes that provide some temporary relieferossexual energy and life instinct postulated by Freud reflected in the libidoThanatosdeath instinct as proposed by Freudegodevelops out of the id and this proves starts to occur in the second half of babys first year Mostly but not entirely conscious Main purpose is to address the demands of the environment and realityReality Principleprinciple by which the ego tries to balance the primitive urges of the id with the reality of the situationSecondary Process Thinkingplanful thoughts and decisions that consider environmental contingencies and challengessuperegomoralistic part of personality that forms between the ages of 3 or 4 Requires us to act according to accepted societal standards rules and principles Overly strong superego contributes to moral anxietyPerfection Principleprinciple that drives the functioning of the superego we must act perfectly by meeting societal dictates which often come in the form of endorsing and internalizing out parents valuesOedipus complexFreuds concept that a boy in the phallic stage of developm
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