Textbook Notes (367,823)
Canada (161,434)
Psychology (3,330)
PSYC 3020 (97)
Dan Yarmey (94)
Chapter 1

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PSYC 3020
Dan Yarmey

CHAPTER 1Bartol and Bartol 2006 define the discipline of forensic psychology as a the research endeavour that examines aspects of human behaviour directly related to the legal process and b the professional practice of psychology within or in consultation with a legal system that embraces both civil and criminal lawThe Roles of Forensic PsychologistIndividuals who call themselves forensic psychologists are always interested in issues that arise at the intersection between psychology and the lawThey can take on the role of clinician or researcherOne individual can take on more than one roleSome of the forensic psychologists are both clinicians and researchers while some are just clinicians or researchers there are also some who are legal scholars The Forensic psychologist as ClinicianClinical forensic psychologists Psychologists who are broadly concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental health issues as they pertain to the law or legal systemOn the research side a frequent task for the clinical forensic psychologist might involve the validation of an assessment tool that has been developed to predict the risk of an offender being violentOn the practical side a frequent task might involve the assessment of an offender to assist the parole board in making an accurate determination of whether that offender is likely to pose a risk to the community if releasedForensic psychiatry A field of medicine that deals with all aspects of human behaviour as it relates to the law or legal systemBoth clinical forensic psychologists and forensic psychiatrists are trained to assess and treat individuals experiencing mental health problems who come into contact with the law and you will see psychologists and psychiatrists involved in nearly every component of the criminal justice systemThe most obvious difference is that psychiatrists including forensic psychiatrists are medical doctors who can prescribe medicationThe Forensic psychologist as a researcherA second role for the forensic psychologist is that of experimenter or researcherExperimental forensic psychology Psychologists who are broadly concerned with the study of human behaviour as it relates to the law or legal systemResearchers in the forensic area are usually concerned with much more than just mental health issues They can be interested in any research issue that relates to the law or legal systemThe forensic psychologist who is interest primarily in research will have undergone PhDlevel graduate training in one of many different types of experimental graduate programs
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