Textbook Notes (368,247)
Canada (161,735)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 3020 (97)
Dan Yarmey (94)
Chapter 3

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PSYC 3020
Dan Yarmey

CHAPTER 3Key investigative tasks where psychology is particularly relevant include o Collection and evaluation of investigative informationinformation that is often obtained from suspects o Investigative decision making especially decisions that require an indepth understanding of criminal behaviour POLICE INTERROGATIONSConfession evidence is often viewed as a prosecutors most potent weaponIn North America a confession usually has to be backed up by some other form of evidenceBeing interrogated by the police for the purpose of extracting a confession is often considered to being inherently coerciveOvert acts of physical coercion have become much less frequent with time they have been replaced with more subtle psychological based interrogation techniques such as lying about evidence promising lenient treatment and implying threats to loved onesOffenders are typically reluctant to confess they must often be tricked into doing soMr Big technique is a noncustodial procedure in that it happens outside of the interrogation roomThe procedure Mr Big usually involves undercover police officers who pose as members of a criminal organization and attempt to lure the suspect into the gang and then manipulate them into a confession The Reid Model of InterrogationReid model A ninestep model of interrogation used frequently in North America to extract confessions from suspectsAt a general level the Reid model consists of a threepart process The first stage is to gather evidence related to the crime and to interview witnesses and victims The second stage is to conduct a nonaccusatorial interview of the suspect to assess any evidence of deception The third stage is to conduct an accusatorial interrogation of the suspect in which a ninestep procedure is implemented with the primary objective being to secure a confession GOOGLE THE NINESTEP PROCEDURE OF REID MODEL The Reid model of interrogation is based on the idea that suspects do not confess to crimes they have committed because they fear the potential consequences that await them if they do In addition their fear of the potential consequences is not sufficiently outweighed by their internal feelings of anxiety associated with remaining deceptive The goal of the Reid model therefore is to reverse this state of affairs by making the consequences of confessing more desirable than the anxiety related to the deception Two techniques used in the Reid model o Minimization techniques Soft sell tactics used by police interrogators that are designed to lull the suspect into a false sense of security aka good cop technique
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