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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Notes - Gender-Role Attitudes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3300
Professor
Carol Anne Hendry
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 3 Notes: Gender­Role Attitudes Attitudes Toward Men’s and Women’s Roles Gender ideologies: attitudes towards men’s and women’s work ­ tradition gender ideology is that men’s sphere is work and women’s sphere is the home ­ egalitarian gender ideology maintains that power is distributed equally between women  and men and women and men identify equally with the same spheres  ­ transitional ideology is that it is acceptable for women to devote energy to both work and  family domains, but women should hold proportionally more of their energy on work  ­ most widely used instrument to measure attitudes toward gender roles is the Attitudes  Towards Women Scale (ATWS) ­ most people fit into the transitional category of gender attitudes  ­ compared to Caucasians, African Americans have less traditional attitudes about women  working outside the home Affective Component Sexism ­ sexism can consist of positive or negative feelings  Hostile Sexism: feelings of hostility toward women Benevolent sexism: reflects positive feelings toward women, including a prosocial orientation  toward women (e.g. the desire to help women)  ­ men who score high on hostile sexism scale view women as challenging their superiority ­ men who score high on benevolent sexism scale feel strongly that they should protect  women, hence a negative side to benevolent sexism (women need protection from men)  Benevolent discrimination: men providing more help to women than men ­ males and non­whites score higher on scales of homophobia Cognitive Component: Gender­Role Stereotyping Category­based expectancies: occur when you do not know much about a person except for the  category to which he or she belongs (such as the category of sex) Target­based expectancies: the perceptions you have ab
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