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Chapter 7

PSYC3300 Chapter 7: Chapter 7.docx


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3300
Professor
Paula Barata
Chapter
7

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Chapter 7
-Development of intelligence testing allowed for scoring of intelligence among men and
women.
-Early versions of the Stanford-Binet showed that women scored slightly higher than men,
but after adjustment of the items, the average scores for women were equal to those of
men.
-Although IQ scores were equal gender prejudice developed that women were less
intelligent than men.
-Wechsler’s intelligence scales showed differences between the scores of men and women
- women scored higher on verbal and men scored higher on performance.
-Verbal Performance
oGirls and women have advantages in verbal performance
oRapidity and proficiency which girls acquire language compared ot boys.
oAdvantage for reading and writing for girls, the writing advantage persists
throughout college.
oWomen do not speak more than men
oDespite the stereotype, verbal abilities of women and men are quite similar. The
differences exist in writing— women write more quickly and fluently— and in
language development— girls develop language earlier than boys, but boys catch
up
-Mathematical and Quantitative performance
oMost studies with children under 13 show no gender difference or certain
advantages for girls in mathematical performance (proficiency in arithmetic
computation) After the age of 13 things change a bit.
oBoy’s advantages are largest for geometry, which is consistent with the view that
spatial skills are important in this area.
oMen’s performance shows more variability – meaning men are more likely to be
in the high or low ends of performance where as women will more so always be
in the middle (never the worst but never the best). This is not universal and fails
to appear in some cultures.
-Spatial Performance
oSpatial perception – ability to identify and locate the horizontal or vertical
planes in the presence of distracting information
oMental rotation – includes the ability to visualize objects as they would appear
if rotated in space
oSpatial visualization – ability to process spatial information so as to understand
the relationship between objects in space, such as the ability to see a figure
embedded in other figures.
oSpatiotemporal ability – judgments about moving objects in space.
oWomen did better on tasks when they were presented as an empathy task
oWomen perform better on certain spatial tasks then men
oSome of these tasks favor one sex or the other, and others vary by gender, context
and culture.
-Memory
oWomen typically use landmarks to remember directions where as men usually
create abstract maps and use directions
oWomen only do worse on these task when asked to do it the way men do it.
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