Textbook Notes (369,153)
Canada (162,424)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 3390 (102)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3390
Professor
Mary Manson- Hennig

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Chapter 1: An Overview - family aggregation- whether a disorder runs in families What do we mean by Abnormal Behaviour? - we create a prototype of abnormality to access the degree to which a given person resembles it - double-blind study- both the participants and the experimenter were unaware of who had the magnets and who didn’t - magnets do not relieve chronic stress but believing that it will, will lead to improvement in the pain (the placebo effect works in this instant) - the more difficulty in these areas, the more likely they have a disorder o suffering  it is not a sufficient condition (all that is needed) nor a necessary condition (that all cases must show) for someone to be abnormal o Maladaptiveness  Interferes with our wellbeing and ability to enjoy relationships  Not necessary for someone to be abnormal o Deviancy  If something is statistically rare an undesirable it is more likely to be considered abnormal than something that is statistically rare and highly desirable o Violation of the standards of society  The magnitude of the violation and how commonly it is violated has to do with how abnormal we consider the behaviour o Social discomfort o Irrationality and unpredictability  The most important factor is whether the person can control his or her behaviour Why Do We Need To Classify Mental Disorders - classification systems provide us with a nomenclature ( a naming system) and enable us to structure information in a more helpful manner What are the Disadvantages of Classification? - we simplify through classification causing us to lose personal details about the person with the disorder - stigma – (disgrace) – attached to receiving a psychiatric diagnosis - stereotyping- automatic beliefs that people have about other people based on knowing one thing about them - labeling –being given a title of a diagnosed illness can cause a persons self- concept to be directly affected - symptom: single indicator of a problem - Syndrome: cluster of symptoms that occur together and is the name of the syndrome - the DSM is the gold standard of defining mental disorders - the DSM definition of mental disorders: o a clinically significant
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