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PSYC 3390 (97)
Chapter 7

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University of Guelph
PSYC 3390
Mary Manson- Hennig

Chapter 7 Summary Two key moods involved with mood disorders Maniaintense and unrealistic feelings of excitement and euphoria Depressionfeelings of extraordinary sadness and dejectionCan have symptoms of mania and depression at the same time mixed episode casesUnipolarperson experiences only depressive episodesBipolar experience both manic and depressive episodesDifferentiate mood disorders based on 1 Severity the number of dysfunctions experienced and the relative degree of impairment 2 Duration whether the disorder is acute chronic intermittentMost common form of MD is major depression unipolarOther kind of MD is manic episode in which a person shows markedly elevated euphoric mood often interrupted by outbursts of intense irritabilityviolencesee textbook page 231 for DSM criteria for major depressive episode and manic episodeRates of unipolar depression higher for women than man The grieving process is NOT a mood disorder It is a psychological process one goes thru following death of a loved one more difficult for men There are four phases 1 Numbing and disbelief a few hours to week 2 Yearning and searching for the dead person weeks to months 3 Disorganization and despair finally accepts that person is dead this is also where major depression can set in 4 Some level of reorganization when ppl gradually rebuild their new lives Postpartum blues very common in 50 to 70 percent of women Dysthymic Disorder have persistently depressed mood most of the day for more days than not and for more than 2 years plus six additional symptoms of depression 3 to 6 of Canadian adults have this Major Depressive Disorder person exhibits more symptoms than are required for dysthymia and the symptoms are more persistent To be diagnosed must be in a major depressive episode with either depressed moods or marked loss of interest in pleasurable activities most of everyday nearly every day for at least two consecutive weeks Plus 34 additional symptomsUnipolar mood disorder often occurs during late adolescence up to middle childhood Incidence of depression raises sharply in adolescence and can continue unto later life Specfiers different patterns of symptoms in major depression ex Major depressive episode with melancholic features has criteria for depression plus no pleasure in things they use to do plus 3 of the following early morning wakenings depression being worse in morning marked psychomotor retardation or agitation significant loss of appetite depressed mood Severe major depressive episode with psychotic featuresloss of contact with reality and delusionsfalse reality as well as criteria aboveMajor depressive episode with atypical features a pattern of symptoms characterized by mood reactivity that is the persons mood brightens in response to potential positive events Must show two of the following symptoms as wellsignificant weight gain hyper insomnia leaden paralysis heavy feelings in arms legs long standing pattern of being acutely sensitive to interpersonal rejection
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