PSYC 3440 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Cognitive Development, Object Permanence, Egocentrism

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Four stages model: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational, sensorimotor. Cognitive system limited to motor reflexes: preoperational. Acquisition of means fro representing the world symbolically. Use other points of view (perspective other than their own) Don"t understand highly abstract concepts: formal operational. Reason in terms of theories and abstractions as well as concrete realities. Transform incoming info so that it fits their existing way of thinking. Tendency to use a mental structure as soon as it becomes available. Reason for engaging in the activity is the sheer delight of mastering new skills: accomodation. Ways in which people adapt their thinking to new experiences. They are never present without each other: equilibration. Process by which children integrate their many particular pieces of knowledge of the world into a unified whole. The stage model (more in-depth than above ) The sensorimotor period ( birth 2 years) Substage 1: modification of reflexes (birth to one month)

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