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PSYC 3450 (49)
Chapter 6

chapter 6.docx

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Course Code
PSYC 3450
Karl Hennig

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Development of the Self and Social Cognition Chapter 6 - the self is the combination of physical and psychological attributes that is unique to each individual - the self-concept evolves from social interactions and will undergo many changes over the course of a lifetime; the looking glass self emphasizes that a persons understanding of self is a reflection of how other people react to him (self concept is the image cast by a social mirror) - social cognition parallels the development of the self-concept and is the thinking that people display about the thoughts, feelings, motives and behaviours of themselves and other people Development of the Self Concept - new borns anticipate the arrival of their own hands at their moths and seem capable of using proprioceptive feedback from their own facial expressions to mimic atleast some of the facial expressions their caregivers display - 2 month old infants may have some limited sense of personal agency, or understanding that they are responsible for atleast some of the events that so fascinate them - self recognition is the ability to recognize oneself in a mirror or photo, coupled with the conscious awareness that the mirror or photographic image is a representation of ‘me’ - when infants 9 to 24 months were given the rouge test, the younger ones showed no self recognition but signs were observed among 15 to 17 month olds, but only among the 18-24 month olds did a majority of children recognize that that was their face - 2 to 3 year olds sense of self-concept is limited to that of a present self, they don’t yet appreciate that events that occurred in the past have implications on them now but 4 to 5 year olds have developed the concept of extended self; they recognize that the self is stable over time and that events that happened very recently have implications for the present - 2 year old self aware children readily partake in cooperative problem-solving activities with social partners, whereas even mature chimps show little interest in cooperative problem solving - when toddlers display evidence of self-recognition, they also become more sensitive to the ways in which people differ and begin to categorize themselves on these dimensions (categorical self); age, sex and such evaluative dimensions as good-bad are the first social categories that toddlers incorporate into their self-concepts - 2 to 3 year olds are struggling to become independent or autonomous while 4 to 5 year olds have achieved some sense of autonomy and are now acquiring new skills and achieving things and accomplishing things - 2 to 3 year olds are well aware that they may know something that others don’t and that people cannot actually observe their thoughts - 3 year olds have been labeled desire theorists because they think that a persons actions generally reflect his desires and do not yet understand that what a person believes might also affect their behaviour - between ages 3 and 4, most children develop a belief-desire theory of mind in which they recognize, as we adults do, that beliefs and desires are different mental states and that either or both can influence ones conduct - 3 year olds have a very curious view of beliefs, thinking that they are accurate reflections of reality that everyone shares; they don’t seem to appreciate, as older children and adults do, that beliefs are merely interpretations of reality that may differ from person to person and may be inaccurate - a false-belief task assesses the understanding that people can hold incorrect beliefs and be influenced by them even when theyre wrong - teenagers that display false self behaviours are
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