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PSYC 3450 (49)
Chapter 13

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3450
Professor
Karl Hennig
Semester
Fall

Description
OS Chapter 13 – Sexuality and the Adult Years Single Living - Unmarried Americans make up 40% of homebuyers and 42% of workforce - 33% men and 25% women between 30 and 34 have never been married (4x % of unmarried from 1970) - Today, women who pursue higher education are more likely to marry than women with lower education, but marry later because women desire to establish themselves professionally before marriage - Single living encompasses range of sexual patterns and differing degrees of personal satisfaction – some people who live alone remain celibate by choice or because of lack of available partners, some practice serial monogamy, moving through succession of sexually exclusive relationships - Married people experience higher levels of sexual activity and satisfaction than singles, but singles claim that sex lives more exciting Singles and the Internet - More than 1000 Internet sites in US designed for singles to communicate with one another - Match.com was first largest singles site (1995) - Largest demographic for sites = higher-income, college-educated individuals o Fastest growing segment of Internet dating traffic is the 50+ population Cohabitation - Number people choosing cohabitation and societal acceptance of what was once unconventional have increased significantly - Almost half of people who cohabit for 1 time expect to marry person they are living with - By 2000, number unmarried couples living together in US was 5.5 million - Men with high school education or less more likely to live conjointly with women - Usually short-term arrangement; only 33% people live together for 2 years, and only 10% do so for 5+ years - Domestic partnership – unmarried couple living in same household in committed relationship - Local, state, and national governments and private businesses provided established benefits such as health benefits (health insurance) o Older couples may cohabit rather than marry because remarriage can mean higher income tax rates, end of alimony payments and loss of spousal pension, military and Social Security benefits Similarities and Differences Between Cohabitation and Marriages - Cohabiting women tend to have partners who are less educated than, or as educated as they are - Married women tend to have husbands who are better educated than them - Difference – greater commitment between married partners may endanger more restrictive requirements for partner - People who live together initially have frequency of conflict and level of relationship satisfaction similar to married people - People who lives together tend to have less traditional gender-role attitudes, less desire to have children, and more equity in doing household tasks - Longer people cohabit without getting married, greater instability, unhappiness, and lack of interaction in relationship - Cohabiting – less likely to be monogamous - Decreased sexual exclusivity attributed to cohabiting individuals lower investment in relationship The Impact of Cohabitation Before Marriage - Research shows that people who lived together before getting married report more difficulty in marriages and are at greater risk of getting divorced than people who did not live together prior to marriage - Hetero couples in which women’s only sexual partner is man she lived with and married do not have increased risk of divorce - Study of over 3500 women found that couples who cohabited – without having a child during that time – had same level of marital quality as couples who did not live together before marriage - People who had child while cohabiting experienced lower-quality marital relationships than did couples who did not live together before marriage Marriage - Marriage functions as economic partnership that integrates child rearing, performance of household tasks, and earning income into one family unit - Arranged marriage prevailed in Europe before 19 centuryh o Parents in elite classes arranged children’s marriages to develop alliances between families, consolidate wealth and political power, and even maintain peace between countries Marriag
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