PSYC 3480 Chapter Notes -Participant Observation, Causal Inference, Nomothetic

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Published on 13 Jan 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3480
Professor
Sports and Exercise Psychology
Chapter 1: Introducing Sports & Exercise Psychology
- National accreditation standards identify sport and exercise psychology as a core
discipline in undergraduate kinesiology and physical education programs
(www.ccupeka.ca).
- THE NATURE OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY
Sport psychology: is the branch of sport science that involves the
scientific study of human behavior in sport and in the practical application
of that knowledge in sport.
However, some professionals may see sport and exercise psychology more
as a subdiscipline of psychology, much like health psychology or
abnormal psychology. In this sense, sport and exercise psychology is ―a
science in which the principles of psychology are applied in a sport or
exercise setting‖
The academic home of sport and exercise psychology has become
increasingly complex since it is recognized within both the Canadian
Psychological Association (CPA) and the American Psychological
Association (APA) Division 47.
o Positive Psychology in Sports & Exercise
- CAREERS IN SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY
o Teaching, research, consulting
The CPA, the Canadian Sport Psychology Association (CSPA), and the
AASP have been proactive in identifying the necessary standards and
competencies required for providing sport and exercise psychology
services to athletes
Membership Criteria for the Canadian Sport Psychology Association
The Canadian Sport Psychology Association lists consultants who fulfill
the following basic criteria:
• A master’s degree in sport psychology or a related field
• Successful completion of a variety of courses relevant to sport
psychology consultation and foundational disciplines, such as human
kinetics or kinesiology, psychology, and counselling
• Extensive sport psychology consulting experience
• Hands-on experience in sport
• Favourable supervisor and client evaluations
A number of professional organizations have drawn up codes of ethics, or
guidelines,
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that govern the relationship between a practitioner and a client. Three of
these codes of ethics are particularly relevant to the sport and exercise
psychology consultant working in Canada:
1. Ethics Code: AASP Ethical Principles and Standards
(http://appliedsportpsych.org/about/ethics/code)
2. CSPA Code of Ethics (www.en.cspa-
acps.ca/publications/publications.html)
3. CPA Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists
(www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/Canadian%20Code%20of%20E
thics%20for%20Psycho.pdf)
- The postWorld War II expansion of universities in the United States had an important
impact on sport and exercise psychology. Several universities established laboratories in
motor learning and behaviour, seeking to determine how people learned motor skills and
how practice and feedback influenced learning.
- Two major scholarly professional organizations were established in the United States
and Canada. The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical
Activity (NASPSPA) was formed in 1967. It reflected the close ties between the training
of specialists in motor learning and in sport psychology in the 1960s. NASPSPA focused
on improving the quality of research and teaching in the psychology of sport, motor
development, and motor learning and control. The Canadian Society for Psychomotor
Learning and Sport Psychology/Société Canadienne D’Apprentissage Psychomoteur et de
Psychologie du Sport (SCAPPS) had its beginnings in Edmonton in 1969 but was
founded as a society in Banff, Alberta, in 1977. Its main objectives were similar to those
of NASPSPA, with a primary focus on research.
- Dr. Albert (Bert) Carron is recognized as one of the modern founders of sport and
exercise psychology in Canada
- KEY HISTORICAL WORLD EVENTS IN SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY
■ Institute for the Study of Sport and Physical Culture established in Soviet
Union (1919)
■ First World Congress of Sport Psychology held in Rome (1965)
■ International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) founded (1965)
■ European Federation of Sport Psychology/Fédération Européenne de Psychologie des
- CHAPTER SUMMARY
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Sport and exercise psychology is an interdisciplinary field that is recognized in Canada as
a core discipline within kinesiology and physical education programs. Sport and exercise
psychology specialists are involved in teaching, research, and consulting roles, although
most specialists in Canada are employed in universities and colleges. Various educational
pathways involve training in the sport sciences or in clinical or counselling psychology.
Specific training is often dependent on career objectives, whether as an academic (in
either sport sciences or psychology) or as a practitioner. Some scholarly organizations,
such as CSPA, do provide a certification process for consultants. However, provincial
and territorial bodies regulate the use of the term psychologist as well as the specific
training and examinations required to become a registered psychologist. All sport and
exercise psychology consultants are guided by standards of conduct set out by
organizations such as the CPA, AASP, and CSPA. Although the term psychologist has a
specific legal meaning, throughout this book we will use the term sport and exercise
psychologist to refer to specialists in the three areas of teaching, research, and consulting.
The state of sport and exercise psychology in Canada, including its strengths and
controversies, has been shaped by its parentage. In North America, sport and exercise
psychology has been nurtured primarily in the sport sciences. The major Canadian
scholarly professional organization is SCAPPS, although many academics and
practitioners also affiliate with NASPSPA and AASP. At the applied level, CSPA is
likely to have a major impact over the next decade, although the re-emergence (2006) of
a sport and exercise psychology section within the CPA could influence future
certification and training requirements. At present, sport and exercise psychology is
taught in most universities, and research is flourishing. There is increased diversification
into health and clinical populations. Sport and exercise psychology also continues to
flourish around the world, with major academic organizations in Europe, Australia, New
Zealand, the United Kingdom, and Asia. The next 20 years should witness several major
trends, including increased specialization, diversification, research, and teaching
opportunities. There will be pressure to improve educational opportunities and training of
specific competencies for applied sport and exercise psychology services. It is hoped that
faculty in programs in psychology, educational psychology, and sport science will
collaborate to enhance the future development of sport and exercise psychology. Lastly,
there is a critical need to bridge the gap between research evidence and professional
practice in sport and exercise psychology. This process will require effective partnerships
among practitioners, educators, and researchers so that sport and exercise principles can
be effectively applied across multiple physical activity settings to enhance performance,
increase participation, and improve well-being.
Chapter 2: Research Perspectives in Sport and Exercise Psychology
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Document Summary

National accreditation standards identify sport and exercise psychology as a core discipline in undergraduate kinesiology and physical education programs (www. ccupeka. ca). The nature of sport and exercise psychology. Sport psychology: is the branch of sport science that involves the scientific study of human behavior in sport and in the practical application of that knowledge in sport. However, some professionals may see sport and exercise psychology more as a subdiscipline of psychology, much like health psychology or abnormal psychology. In this sense, sport and exercise psychology is a science in which the principles of psychology are applied in a sport or exercise setting . The academic home of sport and exercise psychology has become increasingly complex since it is recognized within both the canadian. Association (apa) division 47: positive psychology in sports & exercise. Careers in sport and exercise psychology: teaching, research, consulting. The cpa, the canadian sport psychology association (cspa), and the.

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