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Chapter 20

eBook-Chapter 20.docx

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PSYC 3480
Anneke Olthof

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Chapter 20 – Mental Toughness  Mental toughness is a state of mind - ability to perform under extreme pressure and adversity o Athlete has control over emotions, ability to relax, stay focused when distracted, and take charge of situations that are controllable o Mentally tough athletes have extreme capacity to cope with stress. No problem seen as insurmountable, all performance errors are perceived as correctable Primary Components  Typically measured through qualitative methods, boiled down to 4 primary components o Control – belief that athlete has capacity to act and emotionally exert influence over competitive situation. Mentally tough athletes better able to cope with pressures of training and competition than those who lack mental toughness o Commitment and Consistency - mentally tough athlete more focused in face of distractions, more motivated and energetic, and more determined to win over time o Challenge - situational pressures are perceived as an opportunity to meet and surpass goals o Confidence – (self-efficacy) unshakeable belief in one's ability to succeed and control own destiny Mental Toughness and Mastery Performance Rehearsal Techniques  If athletes focus on mastery-oriented achievement they increase their feelings of competency and characteristics of tough mindedness  Systematic steps involved in becoming mentally tough o 1. Educational Phase - individuals acquire general knowledge about mental toughness, and awareness of present strengths and weaknesses. o 2. Development and Utilization of mental preparation routines (e.g. 'Mastery Performance Rehearsal Techniques')  Mastery performance rehearsal techniques prepare committed athletes to be even stronger and more mentally tough o Involve practical steps to deal with distractions and unanticipated problems  Anticipation – Think about different and even unexpected situations
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