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PSYC 3480 (71)
Chapter 31

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PSYC 3480
Anneke Olthof

Chapter 31 – Self-Confidence  "If you don't have confidence, you'll always find a way not to win." - Carl Lewis  Self-confidence - belief and feelings one will perform well. Sport confidence or self-efficacy consists of number of factors: belief that individual has capabilities to be successful, positive attitude, sense of personal control, and positive expectation about future  When athletes compete with confidence enjoy themselves, and execution of skills seems effortless  Self-confidence one of most critical predictors of sport performance, and typically differentiates successful athletes from less successful athletes  Evokes: o Knowledge, beliefs, and feelings that you have capabilities to be successful in executing different specific physical skills o Expectancy of mastery and successful overall performance o Sense of personal control and competency to make good decisions and execute mental skills, (focus and attention, control over emotions, correction of errors, ability to conquer obstacles) o Feelings of optimism about future personal best performances and victory over opponents Confidence is Constructed  Good performances in practices and training can activate pre-competitive confidence. Setting realistic but challenging performance goals, and reaching and surpassing these goals enhance self-confidence  Interpretation of own arousal level as readiness to compete promotes self-confidence o Athletes who lose self-confidence repeatedly re-address positive self-talk, mental imagery, and goal setting  Irrational thinking leads to negative beliefs, unreasonable expectations, and rationalizations - lowers self-confidence and impedes success  Ability level does no
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