PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Exposure Therapy

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Article #: 21
Title: Distant Memories: A Prospective Study of Vantage Point of
Trauma Memories
- adopting an observer perspective to recall trauma memories may function as a form of
avoidance that maintains PTSD
- avoidance limits the processing of trauma memories and associated emotional
reactions
- despite avoidance, have frequent recollections of their trauma
- why does this not result in the processing and resolution of memories
- the observer vantage point contributes to PTSD reactions because it may limit
emotional processing of trauma memories
- participants were recent trauma survivors
- were asked about memory vantage point in the initial assessment and after 12 months
- question about vantage point: “do you see the event through your own eyes or do you
see it from an observerʼs point of view?”
- adopting an observer perspective when remembering a trauma in the initial weeks
after its occurrence is not only related to more severe PTSD symptoms at that time,
but is also associated with a two-fold increase in the probability of having PTSD 12
months later
- shifting from a field perspective to an observer perceptive was associated with greater
PTSD levels
- possibly shifted because trauma memories were more distressing over time -
functional as an attempt to reduce the adverse emotions
- changes in vantage points linked to severity of trauma memories not time
- observer perspective may prevent adequate processing of the traumatic experience
- encouraging field perspectives after trauma may have beneficial effects by facilitating
emotional processing of trauma memories
- one of the most potent treatments for PTSD is exposure therapy - recalling trauma
from a field perspective to heighten the distress and maximize the learning of the idea
that one can master the trauma memory
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Document Summary

Title: distant memories: a prospective study of vantage point of. Adopting an observer perspective to recall trauma memories may function as a form of avoidance that maintains ptsd. Avoidance limits the processing of trauma memories and associated emotional reactions. Despite avoidance, have frequent recollections of their trauma. Why does this not result in the processing and resolution of memories. The observer vantage point contributes to ptsd reactions because it may limit emotional processing of trauma memories. Were asked about memory vantage point in the initial assessment and after 12 months. Question about vantage point: do you see the event through your own eyes or do you see it from an observer s point of view? . Shifting from a eld perspective to an observer perceptive was associated with greater. Possibly shifted because trauma memories were more distressing over time - functional as an attempt to reduce the adverse emotions.

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