PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Nuclear Family, Systematic Review, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Article #: 5
Title: Mental Health of Displaced and Refugee Children Resettled in
Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: Risk and Protective
Factors
Goals
- to review the evidence-based for individual, family, community, and societal risk and
protective factors for the mental health outcomes of children and adolescents
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- children and adolescents who are forced to migrate across the world
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- selective - displaced children are at risk but they may not have a mental health
disorder yet
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- secondary concerned about how to support children before they develop mental health
problems (nip it in the bud)
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = exposure to violence, not being accompanied by an adult carer
- protective = resiliency
Individual Factors
- exposure to violence has the strongest base for risk
- children who have a history of physical, psychological or developmental disorders
(risk)
- time since migration (risk)
- being older than 12 (risk)
- being a girl - for internalizing or emotional problems (risk)
- being a boy - for externalizing or behavioural problems (risk)
Family Factors
- loss of family at a young age and recent bereavement (risk)
- living in a nuclear family (protective)
- family connectedness (protective)
- poor household circumstances (risk)
- increased affluence (protective)
Community Factors
- community social support (protective)
Societal Factors
- dissimilarity of culture, language and religion (risk)
- belief systems (protective)
- pre-migration residence in socioeconomically disadvantages urban areas in high-
income countries (risk)
- living in refugee camps (risk)
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Document Summary

Title: mental health of displaced and refugee children resettled in. To review the evidence-based for individual, family, community, and societal risk and protective factors for the mental health outcomes of children and adolescents. Children and adolescents who are forced to migrate across the world. Selective - displaced children are at risk but they may not have a mental health disorder yet. Secondary concerned about how to support children before they develop mental health problems (nip it in the bud) Risk = exposure to violence, not being accompanied by an adult carer. Exposure to violence has the strongest base for risk. Children who have a history of physical, psychological or developmental disorders (risk) Being a girl - for internalizing or emotional problems (risk) Being a boy - for externalizing or behavioural problems (risk) Loss of family at a young age and recent bereavement (risk) Dissimilarity of culture, language and religion (risk)

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