PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -National Comorbidity Survey, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Natural Disaster

20 views3 pages
Published on 14 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Article #: 3
Title: Cumulative Adversity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder:
Evidence From a Diverse Community Sample of Young Adults
Goals
- addresses the question of the extent to which prior stressful experiences, whether or
not their officially quality as traumatic, increase the risk that a subsequent traumatic
experience will result in PTSD
- Hypothesis: social stress plays a casual role in PTSD that goes well beyond the focal
traumatic experience
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- young adults
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- universal - the entire population of young adults were tested, not specific groups
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- primary - nobody had been diagnosed or shown risk factors for PTSD, goal was to
reduce incidence
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = environmental factors in adolescents, rape/sexual abuse, being a woman, prior
exposure to trauma
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- public school students had participated in an earlier 3-wave investigation
- wave 1 was 6th/7th grade, wave 2 was 7th/8th grade, and wave 3 was 8th/9th grade
- data on lifetime occurrence of adversities and PTSD were obtained through computer-
assisted personal interviews
- participants were asked whether each of 41 adverse life events had occurred and the
number of times it happened and how old they were
- diagnostic assessment of PTSD was based on the instrument employed in the
National Comorbidity Survey, model was minimized slightly to minimize false negatives
Intervention Strategies?
- N/A
Results (what did the program accomplish)
- results confirm the previous findings that traumatic experience beyond the focal event
increase risk for the onset of PTSD and expand the range of stressors
- results are consistent with the hypothesis that the role of stress in the development of
PTSD extends well beyond that of a single intensely violent or distressing event of the
sort defined in the DSM
- the DSM belief is that only certain kinds of stressors matter for PTSD
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Addresses the question of the extent to which prior stressful experiences, whether or not their of cially quality as traumatic, increase the risk that a subsequent traumatic experience will result in ptsd. Universal - the entire population of young adults were tested, not speci c groups. Primary - nobody had been diagnosed or shown risk factors for ptsd, goal was to reduce incidence. Risk = environmental factors in adolescents, rape/sexual abuse, being a woman, prior exposure to trauma. Measures of data collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) Public school students had participated in an earlier 3-wave investigation. Wave 1 was 6th/7th grade, wave 2 was 7th/8th grade, and wave 3 was 8th/9th grade. Participants were asked whether each of 41 adverse life events had occurred and the number of times it happened and how old they were. Diagnostic assessment of ptsd was based on the instrument employed in the.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.