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PSYC*3690 Article 4.pdf

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University of Guelph
PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

Article #: 4 Title: Hurricane-Related Exposure Experiences and Stressors, Other Lives Events and Social Support: Concurrent and Prospective Impact on Childrenʼs Persistent Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Goals - investigate the influence of hurricane exposure, stressors occurring during the hurricane and recovery period, and social support on childrenʼs posttraumatic stress Who Benefits? (Target Audience) - children who have experienced a hurricane Universal, Selective, or Indicated - selective - participants were children enrolled in the four elementary schools in Charlotte County where the greatest path of destruction from Hurricane Charley occurred Primary, Secondary, Tertiary - secondary, the children were not diagnosed with PTS before the study Risk and Protective Factors - Risk = perception of life threat, loss and disruption, major life events, being younger, being a girl, being an ethnic minority - Protective = social support from peers Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) - the Hurricane Related Traumatic Experiences-Revised assessed childrenʼs disaster exposure and specific hurricane-related stressors - it contained 3 sections: during the hurricane, after the hurricane and since the hurricane - assessed at 2 times, 9 months post disaster and 21 months post disaster - during the hurricane and after the hurricane were assessed at time 1 - since the hurricane was administered at Time 1 and Time 2 - children reported the occurrence of 14 major life events using a short for of the Life Events Checklist - childrenʼs perceived social support was assessed with a short form of the Survey of Childrenʼs Social Support - PTS symptoms were assessed at Time 1 and Time 2 with childrenʼs version of the University of California at Lost Angeles Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder- Reaction Index - PTS symptoms include re-experiencing, avoiding/
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