PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -National Longitudinal Study Of Adolescent To Adult Health

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Page:
of 2
Article #: 6
Title: Youth Violence Perpetration: What Protects? What Predicts?
Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Goals
- to identify individual, family and community-level risk and protective factors for
violence penetration in a national sample of adolescents
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- adolescents
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- universal - all adolescents
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- primary - all of the students received the initial survey and the samples after that was
random
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = history of violence involvement and violent victimization, weapon carrying,
school problems, substances use, health problems and friend suicide
- protective = parental expectations, connectedness with parents and other adults and
school, higher grade point average and religiosity
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- two-waves of data form the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
- Add Health design
- 90,118 respondents completed an in-school survey between September 1994 and
April 1885
- from this a random sample was selected for in=home interview
- the first wave (time 1) of the in-home interview was conducted
- the 90-minute computer assisted interview was completed by 20,745 students
- 14,738 completed the second wave of interview (time 2)
- outcome variable of interpersonal violence perpetration was based on a scale
measuring involvement in various aspects of violent behaviour
Intervention Strategies?
- N/A this was an assessment of risk and protective factors not a prevention program
Results (what did the program accomplish)
- support the utility of a dual strategy of reducing risk factors while enhancing predictive
factors in the lives of adolescents
- risk and protective factors were found to significantly increase or diminish the
likelihood of involvement in serious violence perpetration
- helps to identify potential areas of intervention
Limitations
- because Add Health used a school-based design, findings are not generalizable to
out-of-school youth, for whom we might expect a higher overall prevalence of violence
involvement

Document Summary

Findings from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. To identify individual, family and community-level risk and protective factors for violence penetration in a national sample of adolescents. Primary - all of the students received the initial survey and the samples after that was random. Risk = history of violence involvement and violent victimization, weapon carrying, school problems, substances use, health problems and friend suicide. Protective = parental expectations, connectedness with parents and other adults and school, higher grade point average and religiosity. Measures of data collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) Two-waves of data form the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. 90,118 respondents completed an in-school survey between september 1994 and. From this a random sample was selected for in=home interview. The rst wave (time 1) of the in-home interview was conducted. The 90-minute computer assisted interview was completed by 20,745 students. 14,738 completed the second wave of interview (time 2)