PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Beck Depression Inventory, Css Box Model, Verbal Behavior

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Article #: 9
Title: Early Intervention for Parents at Risk of Child Abuse and
Neglect: A Preliminary Investigation
Goals
- (a) the early development of positive habits of child rearing through rewarding parent-
child interactions, (b) the improvement of parentsʼ abilities to cope with stress through
exposure to a mental health support system, and (c) the promotion of childrenʼs
adaptive behaviours that contribute to psychological development
- theorized that agency-based family support services would have a greater impact on
high-risk families if they were accompanied by training in child management
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- young parents and children who have been identified as being at risk of child
maltreatment
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- Indicated because each parent was individually screened in a 3 stage process
including an interview with a psychologist, a psychometric evaluation and home
observations of parent-child interactions
- the mother had to score within at-risk range on the Child Abuse Potential Inventory
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- secondary because mothers were set risk they arenʼt necessarily already abusing their
children but they show potential
Risk and Protective Factors
- being a single parent, female-headed household
- receiving welfare (low SES)
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- The Child Abuse Potential Inventory assessed the respondentʼs attitudes, beliefs and
feelings about parenting and was used to provide both a standard measure of high-risk
behaviour during screening and an outcome measure of changes in parenting risk
- risk in parenting role was also assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory
- child-rearing methods were also observed based on the Dyadic Parent-Child
Interaction Coding System
- the Home Observation and Measurement of the Environment Scale was used to
measure the quality of the childʼs environment by sampling certain aspects of social,
emotional, and cognitive support available to the child
- The Pyramid Scales are used to assess adaptive behaviour of children and adults
- mothers and children were interviewed by the agency psychologist to discuss the
nature of the treatment and research program
- the HOME and Pyramid Scalers were completed during a home visit
- observers returned on a different day to record parent-child interactions for 30 min
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Document Summary

Title: early intervention for parents at risk of child abuse and. Theorized that agency-based family support services would have a greater impact on high-risk families if they were accompanied by training in child management. Young parents and children who have been identi ed as being at risk of child maltreatment. Indicated because each parent was individually screened in a 3 stage process including an interview with a psychologist, a psychometric evaluation and home observations of parent-child interactions. The mother had to score within at-risk range on the child abuse potential inventory. Secondary because mothers were set risk they aren t necessarily already abusing their children but they show potential. Measures of data collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) The child abuse potential inventory assessed the respondent s attitudes, beliefs and feelings about parenting and was used to provide both a standard measure of high-risk behaviour during screening and an outcome measure of changes in parenting risk.

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