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PSYC 3690 (60)

PSYC*3690 Article 9.pdf

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PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

Article #: 9 Title: Early Intervention for Parents at Risk of Child Abuse and Neglect: A Preliminary Investigation Goals - (a) the early development of positive habits of child rearing through rewarding parent- child interactions, (b) the improvement of parentsʼ abilities to cope with stress through exposure to a mental health support system, and (c) the promotion of childrenʼs adaptive behaviours that contribute to psychological development - theorized that agency-based family support services would have a greater impact on high-risk families if they were accompanied by training in child management Who Benefits? (Target Audience) - young parents and children who have been identified as being at risk of child maltreatment Universal, Selective, or Indicated - Indicated because each parent was individually screened in a 3 stage process including an interview with a psychologist, a psychometric evaluation and home observations of parent-child interactions - the mother had to score within at-risk range on the Child Abuse Potential Inventory Primary, Secondary, Tertiary - secondary because mothers were set risk they arenʼt necessarily already abusing their children but they show potential Risk and Protective Factors - being a single parent, female-headed household - receiving welfare (low SES) Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) - The Child Abuse Potential Inventory assessed the respondentʼs attitudes, beliefs and feelings about parenting and was used to provide both a standard measure of high-risk behaviour during screening and an outcome measure of changes in parenting risk - risk in parenting role was also assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory - child-rearing methods were also observed based on the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System - the Home Observation and Measurement of the Environment Scale was used to measure the quality of the childʼs environment by sampling certain aspects of social, emotional, and cognitive support available to the child - The Pyramid Scales are used to assess adaptive behaviour of children and adults - mothers and children were interviewed by the agency psychologist to discuss the nature of the treatment and research program - the HOME and Pyramid Scalers were completed during a home visit - observers returned on a different day to record parent-child interactions for 30 min - parents who met the criteria were randomly assigned to the treatment or control - parent training was conducted in a 4 m x 4 m room - training was conducted individually in weekly 1 1/2 hour sessions - information groups were conducted in groups of 8-10 persons - post-testing included all measures except the Pyramid Scales and CAPI - they were reassessed on all measures approximately 3 months after post-testing Intervention Strategies? - based on the social learning approach to child abuse and neglect intervention - specifically aimed at emergent problems in child management and child dev
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