PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Eating Disorder, Binge Eating, Bulimia Nervosa

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Article #: 8
Title: Are Two Interventions Worse than None? Joint Primary and
Secondary Prevention of Eating Disorders in College Females
Goals
- evaluate a typical eating disorder prevention program on a college campus
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- female college freshmen
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- selective - delivered to groups at risk (college freshmen)
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- typical eating disorder programs are both primary and secondary prevention
- primary targets health individuals
- primary component is similar to common substance abuse prevention programs, which
try to influence attitudes and behaviour by teaching participants facts about the legal,
physiological and psychological consequences
- secondary reduces the duration of the disorder by detecting it early
- the secondary component parallels suicide prevention programs which aim to
encourage students who are suicidal/experiencing an eating disorder to seek help, the
program tries to reduce stigma
- attempting to accomplish both goals at once may be futile as ideal strategies for each
type seem to oppose each other
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = being a college female,
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- time 1 questionnaire was filled out by 509 students at the beginning of their freshman
year, 88 more answered only demographic questions
- 3 months later, half of the participants were invited to participate in the eating disorder
prevention program and half were not invited
- 4 weeks and 12 weeks after the program, all participants were surveyed again
- participants were 788 freshman females at Stanford University
- all 3 surveys contained the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, a self-report
version of the structured clinical interview which permits the quantification of
symptoms that are characteristic of eating disorders including binge eating, purging,
dieting and loss of control over eating
Intervention Strategies?
- consisted of a 90 minute discussion attended by groups of 10-20 participants at a time
- discussion were led by a panel of 2 Stanford students, a recovered anorexia patient
and a recovering bulimic
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Document Summary

Secondary prevention of eating disorders in college females. Evaluate a typical eating disorder prevention program on a college campus. Selective - delivered to groups at risk (college freshmen) Typical eating disorder programs are both primary and secondary prevention. Primary component is similar to common substance abuse prevention programs, which try to in uence attitudes and behaviour by teaching participants facts about the legal, physiological and psychological consequences. Secondary reduces the duration of the disorder by detecting it early. The secondary component parallels suicide prevention programs which aim to encourage students who are suicidal/experiencing an eating disorder to seek help, the program tries to reduce stigma. Attempting to accomplish both goals at once may be futile as ideal strategies for each type seem to oppose each other. Measures of data collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) Time 1 questionnaire was lled out by 509 students at the beginning of their freshman year, 88 more answered only demographic questions.

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