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PSYC*3690 Article 8.pdf

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University of Guelph
PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

Article #: 8 Title: Are Two Interventions Worse than None? Joint Primary and Secondary Prevention of Eating Disorders in College Females Goals - evaluate a typical eating disorder prevention program on a college campus Who Benefits? (Target Audience) - female college freshmen Universal, Selective, or Indicated - selective - delivered to groups at risk (college freshmen) Primary, Secondary, Tertiary - typical eating disorder programs are both primary and secondary prevention - primary targets health individuals - primary component is similar to common substance abuse prevention programs, which try to influence attitudes and behaviour by teaching participants facts about the legal, physiological and psychological consequences - secondary reduces the duration of the disorder by detecting it early - the secondary component parallels suicide prevention programs which aim to encourage students who are suicidal/experiencing an eating disorder to seek help, the program tries to reduce stigma - attempting to accomplish both goals at once may be futile as ideal strategies for each type seem to oppose each other Risk and Protective Factors - risk = being a college female, Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) - time 1 questionnaire was filled out by 509 students at the beginning of their freshman year, 88 more answered only demographic questions - 3 months later, half of the participants were invited to participate in the eating disorder prevention program and half were not invited - 4 weeks and 12 weeks after the program, all participants were surveyed again - participants were 788 freshman females at Stanford University - all 3 surveys contained the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, a self-report version of the structured clinical
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