PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Css Box Model

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3690
Article #: 15
Title: Prevention of Marital Distress: A Longitudinal Investigation
Goals
- examines the impact of an intervention designed to prevent divorce and marital
distress for couples planning marriage
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- couples planning marriage
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- universal because all couples planning marriage were included
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- primary because it is reducing incidence of marital distress and divorce before a
problem exists, promoting positive communication skills
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = poor communication and problem-solving skills, dissatisfaction with interactions
- protective = positive communicationa nd problem solving skills
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- after an initial session, couples were assigned high or low ratings on each of 4
matching variables (engages vs. planning marriage, relationship satisfaction,
communication impact, and confidence in getting married)
- there were 5 procedural stages: preassessment (time 1), intervention postassessment
(time 2), 1 1/2 year follow-up (time 3), and 3 year follow-up (time 4)
- participated in two 2 hour research sessions that were scheduled 1 week apart where
couples were interviewed and completed a set of questionnaires
- also participated in 2 10-15 minute video-taped problem solving interaction tasks
- after the intervention group was invited to complete the Premarital Relationship
Enhancement Program
Intervention Strategies?
- emphasized communication and problem-solving skills, clarifying and sharing
expectations and sensual/sexual enhancement
- directed toward teaching competencies (positive communication and problem-solving
skills, realistic relationship cognitions and a sense of efficacy about handling
relationship conflict) associated with successful adjustment before problems develop
- program consisted of 5 meetings lasting 3 hours each: communication and skills
training (sessions 1 and 2), problem-solving training (session 3), clarification of marital
expectations (session 4) and sensual/sexual education and relationship enhancement
(session 5)
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Document Summary

Title: prevention of marital distress: a longitudinal investigation. Examines the impact of an intervention designed to prevent divorce and marital distress for couples planning marriage. Universal because all couples planning marriage were included. Primary because it is reducing incidence of marital distress and divorce before a problem exists, promoting positive communication skills. Risk = poor communication and problem-solving skills, dissatisfaction with interactions. Protective = positive communicationa nd problem solving skills. Measures of data collection (what is measured, # of times, and how) After an initial session, couples were assigned high or low ratings on each of 4 matching variables (engages vs. planning marriage, relationship satisfaction, communication impact, and con dence in getting married) There were 5 procedural stages: preassessment (time 1), intervention postassessment (time 2), 1 1/2 year follow-up (time 3), and 3 year follow-up (time 4) Participated in two 2 hour research sessions that were scheduled 1 week apart where couples were interviewed and completed a set of questionnaires.

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