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PSYC 3690 Chapter Notes -Css Box Model

Course Code
PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

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Article #: 15
Title: Prevention of Marital Distress: A Longitudinal Investigation
- examines the impact of an intervention designed to prevent divorce and marital
distress for couples planning marriage
Who Benefits? (Target Audience)
- couples planning marriage
Universal, Selective, or Indicated
- universal because all couples planning marriage were included
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
- primary because it is reducing incidence of marital distress and divorce before a
problem exists, promoting positive communication skills
Risk and Protective Factors
- risk = poor communication and problem-solving skills, dissatisfaction with interactions
- protective = positive communicationa nd problem solving skills
Measures of Data Collection (what is measured, # of times, and how)
- after an initial session, couples were assigned high or low ratings on each of 4
matching variables (engages vs. planning marriage, relationship satisfaction,
communication impact, and confidence in getting married)
- there were 5 procedural stages: preassessment (time 1), intervention postassessment
(time 2), 1 1/2 year follow-up (time 3), and 3 year follow-up (time 4)
- participated in two 2 hour research sessions that were scheduled 1 week apart where
couples were interviewed and completed a set of questionnaires
- also participated in 2 10-15 minute video-taped problem solving interaction tasks
- after the intervention group was invited to complete the Premarital Relationship
Enhancement Program
Intervention Strategies?
- emphasized communication and problem-solving skills, clarifying and sharing
expectations and sensual/sexual enhancement
- directed toward teaching competencies (positive communication and problem-solving
skills, realistic relationship cognitions and a sense of efficacy about handling
relationship conflict) associated with successful adjustment before problems develop
- program consisted of 5 meetings lasting 3 hours each: communication and skills
training (sessions 1 and 2), problem-solving training (session 3), clarification of marital
expectations (session 4) and sensual/sexual education and relationship enhancement
(session 5)
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