Article 2: Prevention of Behavioural and Social Problems
Between 17 – 22% of youth develop a clinical disorder and 12 – 53% of those people
have a second disorder.
15 – 25% of youth would benefit from intervention because they experience personal
Most of these will never receive any clinical treatment (programs are rarely developed
for mildly impaired youth).
Crime rates amongst youth are on the rise. Approximately 3 million crimes occur at or
near schools every year, or 16, 000 crimes/day.
Most youth do not develop a strong sense of psychological well being.
Youth in primary prevention programs are by definition functioning normal.
Good Behaviour Game (GBG) uses group contingencies to modify children’s classroom
Created by researchers at John Hopkins
Successful intervention (had a significant positive effect on lessening levels of
aggression by the end of first grade)
Had long-term effects for those initially highest in aggression
Did not affect girls’ aggressive behaviour (their aggression was lower to begin
with so there wasn’t much room to change)
Mental Health Promotion
Rational Emotional Therapy (RET) has been successful in middle schools and
high schools in reducing anxiety, neuroticism, and irrational thinking.
Affective education (teaching kids how to be more aware of their emotions and
others’ emotions) has also been successful.
There are four categories of transition programs:
1. First-time parents
Pittsburg First-Born Project combined home visits and clinic group meetings,
which led to significant improvement in children’s overall psychological
A Dutch program identified irritable babies who were at risk for a less secure
attachment. They scheduled home visits, which led to most of the babies being
secure by age 18.
2. School Entry and Change
School Transition Project (STP) helps students adjust in new schools through
their emotional adjustment, academic adjustment, etc. They could also tell teachers about typical warning signs of behavioural
problems characteristic of new students.
Major component is their home tuto