Textbook Notes (367,985)
Canada (161,540)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 3690 (60)

Article 3 -Cumulative Adversity and PTSD.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

1 Article 3 -Cumulative Adversity and PTSD: Evidence From a Diverse Community Sample of Young Adults  Does the extent of the event preceding PTSD increase the chances of actually having PTSD?  Or, is it about the stress a person experiences prior to the trauma?  Studies suggest that most people will experience at least one traumatic event in their life, but only 9 – 12% of young adults who were experienced a trauma met the criteria for PTSD.  About ¼ of adults in their 30’s will have PTSD as a result of a traumatic experience.  Experts suggest that even genetic and biological factors can influence the likelihood that someone will have PTSD.  Rape and sexual violence are the strongest predictors of PTSD  The sudden death of a loved one is the most common cause of PTSD, but it’s also the most common traumatic experience.  Personality and attitude vulnerability is a strong risk factor as well  Cumulative stress is a risk factor for psychological distress and disorders, but studies have not conclusively studied cumulative stress and PTSD.  Many studies have looked at the stress following the traumatic event, but none have conclusively studied stress beforehand.  Stress following the traumatic event can intensify the PTSD symptoms  The study confirmed that traumatic experiences beyond the focal event increases risk for PTSD  Studied 41 events, many which fell outside of the current accepted diagnostic criteria by definition (even when all other factors are controlled)  Concluded that the development of PTSD is a process that includes the roll of stress beyond the single event. Suggests there aren’t just certain kind of events that can predict PTSD.  Some predictors of PTSD (when accumulated) o Parental divorce o Failing grades in school o Witnessing violence  This concludes that prior events to the stressor DO matter.  Limitations = all of the data collected is highly subjective. Memories from prior life stressors preceding the event could be skewed, especially in children.  Also, not sure if the data collected from the younger population can be generalized to an older population.  Destructive hurricanes can lead to posttraumatic stress (PTS) in children.  Study addresses “gaps in current literature”
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3690

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.