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Article 17 -Dating Violence Prevention with At-Risk Youth.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

1 Article 17 -Dating Violence Prevention with At-Risk Youth: A Controlled Outcome Evaluation Abstract Community based intervention to help at-risk teens develop healthy, non-abusive relationships with dating partners. - 158 participants, 14-16 years old - histories of child maltreatment (randomly assigned to a preventive intervention group or a no- treatment control group) - measures: abuse & victimization with dating partners, emotional distress, and healthy relationship skills at bimonthly intervals when dating someone - Intervention: education about healthy and abusive relationships, conflict resolution and communication skills, and social action activities - Results showed intervention successful in reducing incidents of physical and emotional abuse and symptoms of emotional distress over time - Findings support involvement of youth in reducing cycle of violence as the initiate mid adolescent dating relationships Notes Theory-based relationship violence prevention strategies are necessary because of the pervasiveness of adult domestic violence couples with the limited effectiveness of treating offenders. Prevention: - an escape from a negative life course - enhancement of competency and knowledge that leads to desired life outcomes, and avoidance of harm - adolescent- good age for prevention of violent relationships and promoting skills to build healthy romantic relationships - social networks begin (opposite sex friends & dating partners) - seek to fulfill needs (recreation, status, affiliation, support, and intimacy) - initiation of dating calls for development of important relationships and when dealing with conflict and emotions - mid-adolescence: high periods of high intensity conflict, especially with parents (going through puberty) Abusive/violent acts in midadolescent relationships inc. physical aggression, intimidation/coercion (threats, pushes, slaps, beatings and forced sex) - 1 in 5 high school aged teens report being the recipient of such behavior - includes verbal & psychological intimidation - close to half of youths that were surveyed reported experiencing being a victim, perpetrator or both. Dating violence: - associated with other adolescent risk behaviors - substance use/abuse - unsafe sex - peer acceptance - study approached issue linking past child maltreatment and current aggression in peerships and partnerships 2 - youths with maltreatment backgrounds report more hostility, lower problem-solving self-efficacy, and more aggression with peers and dating partners than do non- maltreated youths - teens with maltreatment histories acquired a generalized tendency toward domineering and controlling behavior, which re-emerges in the context of intimate relationships  findings are consistent with an intergenerational cycle of violence in which maltreated youths are at greater risk for perpetration and/or continued victimization in forming close relationships that their non-maltreated peers  therefore, abuse in early dating relationships further increases the likelihood of subsequent relationship problems Interpersonal aggression in Romantic relationships - highlight importance of beliefs and expectations - communication and problem solving skill deficits - ex. violent husbands exhibit wide range of communication and problem solving skill deficits, including the tendency to attribute hostile intent to their wives’ actions and difficulties in generating competent solutions to problems  study promotes efforts to help adolescents develop adaptive, nonviolent communication and problem-solving skills were hypothesized in the current study to reduce the likelihood of abuse in early romantic relationships Gender Differences - studies of adolescents often find mutually abusive profiles, with both partners perpetrating and sustaining physical and emotional aggression - girls report higher rates of perpetration of dating violence than boys (sample of over 2,000 high school students) - suggests that early patterns of abusive behavior may be more experimental and less rigidly established on the bases of gender role expectations and consequences for adolescents than they are for adults - offering more possibilities for influence and change Mid adolescent dating violence - represents a bridge between childhood maltreatment experiences and the occurrence of similar relationship patterns of violence or victimization in adulthood - experimenting new roles and expectations, dating experiences are often indicative of past exposure to appropriate and inappropriate conflict resolution tactics, role models and learning opportunities - individuals exposed to healthy models are more likely to approach dating with greater self- confidence, problem solving ability, and emotion regulation abilities - tho
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