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Article 18 -Promotion of Wellnes in Children and Families.docx

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PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

1 Article 18 –The Promotion of Wellness in Children and Families: Challenges and Opportunities (Pedro-Carroll, 2001) Abstract -Article considers the effects of marital disruption on children and families, using a risk and resilience perspective -Challenges parental divorce poses on children are widely recognized but less attention has been given strategies for promoting children’s resiliency and healthy development trajectories -Purpose of article is to redress imbalance by highlighting importance of understanding pathways toward risk and resilience in children in the aftermath of divorce and the way in which this research can be integrated into effective evidence based preventative interventions and proactive social policies that foster supportive parent-child relationships and psychological wellness in children and families Strategy Mediator Outcome -Foster multiple resources -Nurturing, high-quality relationships with -Improved overall and reduce risks by parents and other adults buffer kids from adjustment and more enhancing supportive negative impacts of divorce stressors favourable outcomes in resources across systems -Secure attachments are extremely terms of academic that effect children important achievement, psychological -Teach parents to take care -Allows them to take better care of their adjustment, self concept, of themselves (physically children and be more supportive conduct, social competence, and emotionally) improved interpersonal -Providing supportive -Learn to perform at a more advanced level relationships scaffolding for children with help from a caring and competent adults -Teaching parents skills -Kids are protected from interparental related to containing and conflict resolving conflict, managing anger, etc. -Teaching children -Increased competencies, less self-blame, (interpersonal) problem improved self-concept, higher hopes and solving skills, anger expectations for futures management, differentiating b/w -Less stress/burden from parental conflicts controllable problems, and adult concerns, sense of disengaging from parent normalness/acceptance from engaging in conflict and focus on age aprop activities aprop activities Goals -Goal of article is to balance the portrait of challenges faced by kids who parents are divorced by highlighting opportunities for reducing risk and fostering psychological well being Who Benefits? -Children of divorced parents 2 Classification -No one specific intervention discussed... CODIP was school based so universal, New beginning work with custodial mothers so could be selected or indicated -Primary –again no one intervention discussed, but goals of article seemed to be to reduce risk of unfavourable outcomes for children of divorced parents and promote resiliency Measures Outcomes: academic achievement, psychological adjustment, self concept, conduct and social competence, and as adults lower SES, poor subjective wellbeing, increased marital problems and greater likelihood of divorce in own marriages Protective Factors -Individual Factors: realistic appraisal of control, accurate attributions, active coping style, effective coping skills -Family Factors: protection from interparental conflict, psychological wellbeing of parents, solid and supportive parent-child relationships, authoritative parenting and household stability and structure Extrafamilial Factors: supportive relationship with positive adult models, support network (family, school and community), evidence-based preventative interventions providing support and skill training Program Content -Cowen’s comprehensive approach to the promotion of wellbeing encompassed multifaceted strategies that have the potential for advancing wellness in families dealing with divorce -Strategies inc.: 1. Fortifying and building social-emotional competence -Skill building to enhance key areas of family and individual wellbeing 2. Fostering skills that promote coping and resilience -Creating environments that protect kids from severe stress and providing competence building resources over the course of the kids’ development 3. Facilitating proactive social system modification -Schools can provide supportive outr
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