Textbook Notes (363,063)
Canada (158,170)
Psychology (3,263)
PSYC 3690 (60)

Article 1 -Drug Abuse Prevention.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

1 Article 1 –Drug Abuse Prevention: What Works  Institute of medicine (IOM 1994) proposed a new framework based on Gordon’s operational classification of disease prevention.  Divided the continuum of care: 1. Prevention o A) Universal (anti drugs and alcohol info at schools) o B) Selective (targets subsets like children of alcoholics) o C) Indicated (targets people who aren’t clinically diagnosed, but exhibit serious warning signs) o *They replace primary, secondary and tertiary 2. treatment 3. maintenance  The IOM classification system’s prevention programs targets an audience continuum (the degree to which someone is at risk).  Risk factor: an association between some characteristics or attribute of an individual, group, or environment and an increased probability of certain disorders.  Protective factors: inoculate or protect persons and can strengthen a persons determination to reject or avoid substance abuse. Can inhibit self-destructive behaviours and situations that advance substance abuse.  The IOM model doesn’t correspond well with the public health model.  The IOM model targets interventions and reduction of new cases.  Universal Preventive Intervention Strategies:  mission: to deter the onset of substance abuse by providing all individuals the information and skills necessary to prevent the problems.  Example of general: use of seatbelts, shots, prenatal care, etc.  Example of substance abuse: in school education, public awareness campaigns  All designed to reach an entire population, without regard to individual risk factors  All designed to delay or prevent substance abuse, but don’t recruit participants.  All programs typically have lower staff to audience ratio and require less time.  All programs typically have staff members from other fields who were trained.  Selective Preventive Intervention Strategies:  Mission: to target specific subgroups that are believed to be at greater risk than others. Risk groups may be identified by biological basis, psychological, social, or environmental factors associated with substance abuse.  Example of general: home visitations for low birth weight children, yearly mammograms for women with a history of breast cancer.  Example for substance abuse: special clubs for children of alcoholics (the children are drug free, but they’re at risk for developing an addiction)  All programs are designed to delay or prevent substance abuse  All programs recruit specific participants  All programs require skilled staff and are generally more expensive per person  Indicated Preventative Intervention Strategies:  Mission: identify individuals who are exhibiting early signs of substance abuse and other problem behaviours associated with substance abuse. Participants may or may not be
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3690

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.