PSYC 3850 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Intellectual Disability, Mental Deficiency Act 1913, Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

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Chapter 2

 
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"
 +,+-,!
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 !
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"#
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 
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o8!9
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""
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=
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4A!6@"A
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-!1+-3A!
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B
!B
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##
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"B
"!
"B
oC*!!!

.!"
!!
#
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@!!";!
4!E";
"
6!""!
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 "!
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 <"2!!;
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Document Summary

Naming, deining and classifying cids: all three processes are important when characterizing individuals with cids. Evoluion of the deiniion: early descripions of individuals with cids date back to 1500 bc, atempts were made to difereniate between cids and mental illness and to idenify possible causes. Aamd/aamr/aaidd deiniions: the associaion known by several names over the years has provided deiniions since. Classiicaion of cids: cids have been classiied by eiology, mental ability (iq), educaional needs, and more recently, by levels of needed support. Prevalence: the number of individuals with cids is generally reported to be about 1% of the populaion but varies based on age, geographic region, socioeconomic status, and ethnic background. Naming: involves the assignment of a speciic term or label to a condiion or disability, the speciic term that is chosen to represent the condiion can impact percepions and aitudes about that condiion, mental retardaion . Persons -> american associaion for the study of the feebleminded -> american.

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