SOAN 2290 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Truism, Visible Minority, Symbolic Interactionism

85 views7 pages
Published on 22 Nov 2011
School
University of Guelph
Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SOAN 2290
Professor
Chapter 1
Reading: Fleras, Chapter 1 KEY TERMS
ANGLO-CONFORMITY an expectation that minorities under the British colonial rule must outwardly
conform to the British cultural & societal mainstream
ASSIMILIATION A complex and dynamic process in which minorities begin to lose their distinctiveness
through absorption into dominant society. As policy or political framework, assimilation can refer to those
formal government initiatives for absorbing minority populations into the mainstream
COLLECTIVE DEFINITION a distinct if somewhat underused approach to the study of race & ethnicity,
collective definition endorses a view of race, ethnic, & Aboriginal relations as dynamic & contested.
Sectors (“dualism”) within both the dominant & subdominant groups compete with each other to define
the situation differently & act accordingly, thereby creating complex & contested inter-group dynamics
CONFLICT THEORY based on the idea that societies are sites of inequality that societies are sites of
inequality, with the result that confrontation, competition, and change are inevitable when diverse groups
compete for scarce resources in contexts that structurally favour some groups but not others
DIFFERENCE in contrast to the empirical descriptor, diversity, difference is employed in the more
politicized sense to convey the placement of different groups along a hierarchy of dominance and
subdominance that is undergoing constant evaluation & adjustment within unequal contexts
DOMINANT GROUP the collectivity of persons in society with the institutionalized authority to preserve
the prevailing distribution of power, privilege, ad property. The dominant sector represents that part of
society with the capacity to define itself as the standard and its culture as the norm by which others are
judged and evaluated
DUALISM a term at the core of collective definition perspective, it suggests a series of binary divisions
(factions) within both the dominant and subdominant sectors of society
ETHNIC CLEANSING as a variant of genocide, it involves a deliberate process to eliminate an ethnic
group either through outright killing or the forced expulsion from a particular locale
FEMINISIM A widely varied ideology and social movement that espouses the equality and worth of
women. It ranges from those that reject the existing system as patriarchal, racist or classist to those that
are willing to work within the system by removing discriminatory barriers to equality. It also vary
depending on whether the differences between men and women are perceived as absolute or relative
FUNCTIONALISM a sociological perspective (or theory) that sees society as a complex and integrated
totality composed of interrelated parts that individually and collectively contribute to the stability and
survival of a society
GENOCIDE An orchestrated effort by the state or those acting on its behalf or approval to eradicate
members from a devalued group within the same society. Although current debates revolve around the
centrality of “intent” as crucial to any definition, genocide in a broader sense can also be indirect,
unintended or unconscious, and not openly violent in process
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
HUMAN RIGHTS the doctrine that all persons have certain inalienable (inherent) entitlements by virtue
of their status as human beings
INTERGRATION a model of race and ethnic relations as well as a policy framework for managing
diversity that involves a set of policy ideals and practices in opposition to the principles of segregation and
separation. As policy or model, it involves a commitment to incorporate minorities into the mainstream as
equals without sacrificing their distinctive identities. It can also refer to a process in which different
cultures fuse as “paints in a bucket” to create a distinct cultural amalgam
INTERNAL COLONIALISM A fundamentally exploitative relationship in which indigenous peoples are
forcibly incorporated into a system not of their own making with a corresponding loss of land, identity, &
political voice
MAXISM A philosophy or ideology based on interpreting the work of Karl Marx. According to Marxism,
both the dynamics of history and the organization of society can be understood as an ongoing & evolving
clash between the ruling (capitalist) class & the working class, including the divisions within the working
class along racial & ethnic lines
MELTING POT A metaphor that used to describe the preferred ideal in American race and ethnic
relations. It is a concept that suggests the fusion of minority differences to create a new & improved
national culture. The ideal, however, does not match the reality for many racial minorities who by choice
or by circumstances remain unmeltable.
MULTICULTURALISM A belief that a society of many cultures is possible as a basis for “living together
with differences” under 4 ideal-typical scenarios: (1) differences are rejected, (2) differences are tolerated,
(3) differences are taken into account, or (4) differences are taken seriously. Different levels multicultural
meanings could be discerned, including multiculturalism as a statement of empirical fact, a set of ideals,
an official policy, a set of practices, and a critique
PLURALISM the belief that culturally different groups can coexist in society and that such a condition is
both attainable and socially beneficial. A commitment to the principle of multiculturalism represents one
variant of a pluralist society
SEGREGATION/SEPARATION The process and practice of separating groups on the basis of race or
culture. This separation can occur voluntarily or involuntarily, can involve formal or informal measures,
and may be interpreted as empowering or disempowering
SUBDOMINANT MINORITY GROUP a.k.a. SUBORDINATE, subdominant groups stand in an unequal
relationship to dominant groups because of differences in power, privilege, and wealth
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM a.k.a. INTERACTIONISM provides a sociological perspective that
sees society as an ongoing human accomplishment, involving a dynamic process in which social reality is
created & recreated by individuals who engage meaningful interactions.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Conceptualizing Race, Ethnic, & Aboriginal Relations
CANADA: is the one of the world’s 3rd-oldest federal systems/ is a deeply divided & multilayered
country that is still surviving & flourishing because of its apparent good fortune & astute
management of difference/ still remains as one of the best places in the world to live because
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Anglo-conformity an expectation that minorities under the british colonial rule must outwardly conform to the british cultural & societal mainstream. Assimiliation a complex and dynamic process in which minorities begin to lose their distinctiveness through absorption into dominant society. As policy or political framework, assimilation can refer to those formal government initiatives for absorbing minority populations into the mainstream. Collective definition a distinct if somewhat underused approach to the study of race & ethnicity, collective definition endorses a view of race, ethnic, & aboriginal relations as dynamic & contested. Sectors ( dualism ) within both the dominant & subdominant groups compete with each other to define the situation differently & act accordingly, thereby creating complex & contested inter-group dynamics. Dominant group the collectivity of persons in society with the institutionalized authority to preserve the prevailing distribution of power, privilege, ad property.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.