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Chapter 7

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Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SOAN 2111
Professor
Linda Hunter
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 7: Bonald and Maistre 09/30/2013 • Conservative reaction to the Enlightenment was alive in Europe • France: embraced strong nationalism in reaction to Napoleonic empiricism • Bonald & Maistre: Traditionalists; they idealized medieval order, admiring its arranged harmony • • They suggested humans acquire knowledge through means of being a social being through tradition • Acknowledge community and culture Bonald and Maistre provided major concepts which developed into elements of secular social science  Louis De Bonald (1754­1850) Argued against Rousseau’s Social Contract Denied the creativity of individuals through literature, and arts Believing the individual is the tool used to express the collective effort of the society Men’s rights were natural, rather than a result of social organization Arguing that there is only social man rather than a natural man No natural right, only social rights unrelated to social order Bonald disregarded Condillas view of ideas an language (the notion of acquiring knowledge and ideas  through sensory perceptions) His work attempted to undermine each major assumption of the Enlightenment Bonald felt ideas were innate; knowledge and truth is innate in society being transmitted to each through  speech Discrediting man for developing language; rather it developed through divine origin  According to the Old Testament man was given language Suggested that man is born into society▯ takes part in it▯ acquires language through social truth  Bondage reasoned: God’s order could be protected from individual reason and criticism Thus God created, language, society, authority expecting men to not tamper with it; thru the subjection of  changing meanings etc. Authority similar to language; developed from diving origins  Laws and relationships are based on nature of man given by God Social laws are a God­given will Bonald rejecting the social contract as no contract existed between God▯man, father▯son,  monarch▯subject There was no contract other than the natural divine
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