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Reading - AAA Statement on Ethics.docx

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Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 3070
Professor
E.Finnis

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AAASTATEMENTS ON ETHICS Principles of Professional Responsibility 1. Relations with those studied - paramount responsibility is to those they study, these individuals must come first a) acquisition of material and those studied must be safeguarded. b) aims of the investigation communicated to informant. c) informants right to remain anonymous: apply to the collection of data 1. clear to informants anonymity may be compromised unintentionally 2. pseudonyms should be respected d) no exploitation of individual informants for personal gain, fair return for services. e) obligated to reflect on repercussions of research on general popn studied f) consequences of research communicated to the ppl likely to be affected g) reports not given to sponsors not also available to the general public & popn studied h) effort to cooperate with members of the host society during project i) all points should acted on in full recognition of the social& cultural pluralism of host societies, this diversity complicates choice making in research, but ignoring it leads to irresponsible decisions 2. Responsibility to the public (anthropologists) - are responsible to the public-consumers of their professional efforts. a) shouldn’t communicate findings secretly to some &withhold from others b) shouldn’t falsify their findings c) in providing professional opinions- responsible for content but also integrity in explaining both these opinions& their bases d) positive responsibility to speak out on what they know& believe via expertise gained through study and to contribute to an "adequate definition of reality" upon which public opinion and public policy may be based e) be honest about their qualifications& limitations 3. Responsibility to the discipline (anthropologists) - Anthropologists bear responsibility for the good reputation of the discipline and its practitioners. a) no secret research or any research which results aren’t publicly reported b) avoid appearance of engaging in such research by reporting aims& sponsorship of research c) maintain a level of integrity in the field d) shouldn’t present as their own work materials directly taken from other sources. e) related to hiring, retention, and advancement, ensure no exclusionary practices f) refrain from transmitting& using info irrelevant to professional performance in personnel actions 4. Responsibility to students a) selecting students - preclude discrimination indistinguishable by their intellectual potential b) alert students to the ethical problems& discourage questionable ethics c) be receptive to students opinions d) realistically counsel students regarding career opportunities e) supervise/support students in endeavors f) inform students of what is expected of them, be fair in the evaluation of their performance g) acknowledge in print the student assistance used in their own publications (give credit) h) assist students in securing legitimate research support& permission i) assist students in securing professional employment upon completion j) strive to improve techniques of teaching and evaluating 5. Responsibility to sponsors - be honest about their qualifications/capabilities/aims, full disclosure of sources of funds 6. Responsibilities to one's own government and to host governments - honest and candid, demand assurance they wont have to compromise responsibilities Statement on Problems of Anthropological Research and Ethics - human condition the, study of mankind, present knowledge incomplete, give opportunities to study I. Freedom of Research Be it resolved: 1. all sponsoring institutions guarantee their research scientists complete freedom; provided that  interests of the studied are protected  in event that the sponsoring institution does not wish to publish the results, it permits publication of the results, without use of its name 2. except in declaration of war, institutions shouldn’t undertake activities un related to their normal functions 3. best interests of scientific research aren’t served by the imposition of external restrictions 4. if employed by the Government should be given opportunities to participate in planning/doing/publishing studies II. Support and Sponsorship 1. The most useful and effective governmental support of anthropology in recent years has come through such agencies as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the Smithsonian Institution. We welcome support for basic research and training through these and similar institutions. 2. The Fellows take this occasion to express their gratitude to those members of Congress, especially Senator Harris an
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