Textbook Notes (368,013)
Canada (161,562)
Sociology (1,112)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3.docx

7 Pages
83 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 1100
Professor
Linda Gerber
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC 1100* 4/3/2013 5:03:00 PM  Chapter Three  Culture  What is Culture  Culture: the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together shape a people’s way of life o Our thoughts, our actions and our possessions o Linked to our past and guide us into the future  Nonmaterial culture: the ideas created my members of a society  Material culture: the physical things created by members of a society  Culture shock: personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life o Immigration o Visit a new country o Move between social environments  no way of life is “natural” to humanity, but most people around the world view their own behaviour in that way  humans are not the only creatures who have culture, but we are the ones who depend on culture to survive CULTURE AND HUMAN INTELLIGENCE  40 000 years ago people who looked more or less like is roamed the earth  “civilization” emerged 12 000 years ago: changing the natural environment to benefit themselves CULTURE, NATION, STATE, AND SOCIETY  culture: ideas, values and artifacts that make up a shared way of life  Nation: political entity (state or country) refers to a people who share a culture, ancestry and history  State: political entity in a territory with borders  Society: people who interact in a defined territory and share culture (interact with a nation, state, or boundary who share a culture)  Experts document 7000 languages  The Elements of Culture  Symbols, language, values, and norms are all common elements within a culture SYMBOLS  Symbols: anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share culture  Cultural symbols change over time  Society creates new symbols all the time  Reality for humans is found in the meaning things carry with them  People must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture and even vary within the same group of people LANGUAGE  Language: a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another  Language not only allows communication but also is the key to cultural transmission: the process by which one generation passes culture to the next  Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: people perceive the world through cultural lens of language VALUES AND BELIEFS  Values: culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living’ values support beliefs o Make choices about how to live o Abstract standards of goodness  Beliefs: specific statement that people hold on to be true o Particular matters that individuals consider to be true  Both form our core to personalities (from school, family, friends, religion, thinking, acting) o Values: inconsistency and conflict  Sometimes one key cultural value contradicts others:  Individualistic interests vs. contribution to larger community  Belief in equality vs. racism  Cooperativeness vs. competitiveness  Value conflict causes strain  Values change over time o Values: A global perspective  Culture have their own values  Lower-income nations have cultures that value survival (what to eat, where to sleep)  Higher-income nations have cultures that value individualism and self-expression (take survival for granted) (lifestyle and personal happiness) NORMS  Norms: rules and expectations by which a society guides the behaviour of its members o 2 types  1) proscriptive: should-nots, prohibited  2) prescriptive: should, prescribed like medicine o mores and folkways  mores: norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance (taboos)  eg. No sexual relations with children  difference between right and wrong  folkways: norms for routine or casual interaction  eg. Appropriate greetings and proper dress  draw the line between right and rude o Social Control  Mores and folkways are the basic rules of everyday life  Social control: attempts by others to regulate peoples thoughts and behaviour  Shame: the painful sense that others disapprove of our actions  Guilt: a negative judgment we make about ourselves IDEAL AND REAL CULTURE  Values and norms and guidelines, how we should behave  Ideal culture: social patterns mandated by cultural values and norms
More Less

Related notes for SOC 1100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit