Society: people who interact in a defined territory and share a culute. Three sociology founders: 1) gerhard and jean lenski. Society and technology: 2) karl marx. Society in conflict: 3) max webber. The power of ideas shapes society: 4) emile durkheim. How traditional and modern societies hang together. Hunting and gathering: the use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation. A few societies persist today in africa and malaysia. They depend on the family and on moving around (nomadic) The sexes regarded as having the same economic importance. Horticulture: use of hand tools to raise crops. Material surplus: more resources than needed to support the population. Leads to a division of labour and inequality. See god a directly involved in we;;-being of the world. Agriculture: large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources. Occurred in middle east 5000 years ago. Industrialism: production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.