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Chapter 4

SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Industrial Revolution, Modern Warfare, Sociocultural Evolution


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1100
Professor
Linda Gerber
Chapter
4

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4/3/2013 5:03:00 PM
Chapter Four
Society
Society: people who interact in a defined territory and share a culute
Three sociology founders
o 1) Gerhard and Jean Lenski
society and technology
o 2) Karl Marx
society in conflict
o 3) Max Webber
the power of ideas shapes society
o 4) Emile Durkheim
how traditional and modern societies hang together
Gerhard and Jean Lenski: Society and Technology
o Sociocultural evolution: the changes that occur as a society gains
new technology
o Society range from simple to the technologically complex
o Societies simple in technology tend to remain small and change
slowly
o More technologically complex societies support bigger populations,
more affluence and constant change
HUNTER/GATHERER SOCIETIES
Hunting and gathering: the use of simple tools to hunt animals and
gather vegetation
A few societies persist today in Africa and Malaysia
They depend on the family and on moving around (nomadic)
The sexes regarded as having the same economic importance
Few formal leaders, and social equality
Often ravaged by forces of nature
Men; hunt, are the protectors
Women; caregivers
HORTICULTURAL AND PASTORAL SOCIETIES
Horticulture: use of hand tools to raise crops
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