Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
Sociology (1,110)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 3

Sociology 1100 Chapter 3 pages 68-75

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

Chapter 3 pages 68-75 Canadians and Americans: What makes us different?  Historically (An idea set forth by Seymour Martin Lipset) … Canada falls somewhere between The United States and Great Britain with respect to values. - I.E. Think of heroes like Billy the kid (US) vs. The Canadian Mountie… - Values like the good of the whole vs. the good of the individual resulted in programs like universal health care.  Roger Suave (1994) gathered data… Bricker and Wright (2005) refined it. More American(s)… than Canadians.  believe in Hell and the devil…  own guns...  become young/teen moms…  marriages end in divorce…  aged 25-64, graduate university…  are generally more religious…  believe same sex marriage is wrong…  believe in the death penalty…  believe pot should remain illegal… More Canadian(s)… than Americans.  are okay with premarital sex…  believe in restrictive gun laws…  believe Canada has a major influence on world affairs…  believe Canadians and Americans are friends and allies… Fewer Canadians than Americans are in favor of Canada becoming part of the US. (This percentage has declined even more from the time of Suave to Bricker and Wright.) However, Canadians are generally not completely opposed to the idea of economic union. I.E. Unified currency, exchange rates, etc… p. 68 Societies of increasing/higher income = increasing/higher individualistic values.  I.E. focuses on quality of life.  Therefore, are generally Secular-Rational.: "Less emphasis on family ties and religious beliefs. More emphasis on independence and diversity." Norms: Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members.  Proscriptive: "What we should not do" Ex. When health officials warn against unprotected sex.  Prescriptive: "What we should do" Ex. Practice safe sex. Some Norms are situational, while others apply to all times. Ex. Applauding after a sermon vs. a lecture vs. a performance… Mores vs. Folkways Mores: Norms that are wildly observed and have great moral significance.  "Taboos"  Ex. Public Nudity  Right/Wrong Folkways: Norms for routine/casual interaction  Ex. Appropriate Attire  Right/Rude Ex. Man shows up to part naked vs. Man shows up to party with a terrible tie Observing or breaking the rules (norms) of social interaction prompts a response (reward or punishment) from others. Which then sanctions Social Control: Attempts by others to regulate peoples thoughts and behaviors. Therefore, and increased knowledge of the norms = an increased self/behavioral evaluation. I.E. "Only cultural animals can experience shame and guilt." Mark Twain: "People are the only animals that blush - or need to." Ideal Culture: Social patterns mandated by cultural values and norms. Real Culture: Actual social patterns that approximate cultural expectations.  I.E. No one lives up to ideal standards 100% of the time. Ex. It's wrong to cheat on your husband/wife, and yet 14% of men and 7% of women cheat anyways. Symbolic Norms vs. Physical Artifacts Ex. Chopsticks/forks, flowing/tight fitting clothes… Reflect underlying values. Technology: Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings. The more advanced, the more influential it can be. New Technology (post industrial age = computer processors that create and store informatio
More Less

Related notes for SOC 1100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.