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Chapter 7

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SOC 1100

thChapter 7Sept 27 2012Social GroupsA group is made up of people with shared experiences loyalties and interestsSuch a loosely formed collection of people in one place is a crow rather than a group the right circumstances can change this into a groupPrimary and Secondary GroupsSocial groups fall into one of two types depending on their members degree of personal concern for one anotherPeople joined in primary relationships spend a great deal of time together and show real concern for one anotherIn every society the family is the most important primary groupPrimary groups are the first groups we experience in lifeSecondary groups have characteristics opposite to those of primary groups involving weak emotional ties and little personal knowledge of one anotherMost secondary groups are short term and include many more people than in primary groupsPeople in primary groups display a personal orientation whereas in secondary groups they display a goal orientationPrimary groups define people as who they are secondary groups define people as what they arePrimary Groups and Secondary GroupsPrimary GroupSecondary GroupQuality of RelationshipsPersonal OrientationGoal OrientationDuration of RelationshipsUsually long termVariable often short termBreadth of RelationshipsBroad usually involving many activitiesNarrow usually involving few activitiesPerception of Ends in themselvesMeans to an endRelationshipsExamplesFamilies circles of friendsCoworkers political organizationsGroup LeadershipMost large secondary groups place leaders in a formal chain of commandTwo Leadership RolesGroups typically benefit from two kinds of leadership instrumental leadership make plans take orders and expressive leadership less interest in goals minimize group conflictInstrumental leaders usually have formal secondary relationship with other members enjoy more respect from membersExpressive leaders build more personal primary ties generally receive more personal affectionThree Leadership StylesAuthoritarian leadership focuses on instrumental concerns takes personal charge of decision making and demands that group member obey orders appreciated in a crisis
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