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Chapter 8

SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Secondary Sex Characteristic, Incest Taboo, Premarital Sex

Course Code
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

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Sociology – Chapter 8: Sexuality and Society
Sex: the biological distinction between females and males
Primary sex characteristics: the genitals, organs used for reproduction
Secondary sex characteristics: bodily development, apart from the genitals, that
distinguishes biologically mature females and males
Intersexual couple: people whose bodies, including genitals, have both female and male
Transsexuals: people who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the
Gender identity: traits that females and males, guided by their culture, incorporate into
their personalities
Incest taboo: a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between relatives
(In Canada, first-cousin marriage is permitted)
Heterosexuality: sexual attraction to someone of the opposite sex
Homosexuality: sexual attraction to someone of the same sex
Bisexuality: sexual attraction to people of both sexes.
Asexuality: a lack of sexual attraction to people of either sex
Homophobia: the dread of close personal interaction with people thought to be gay,
lesbian, or bisexual.
Abortion: the deliberate termination of a pregnancy
Pornography: sexually explicit material that causes sexual arousal
Prostitution: the selling of sexual services
Queer Theory: a growing body of research findings that challenges the heterosexual bias
in Western society
Heterosexism: a view that labels anyone who is not heterosexual as ‘queer’
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