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Chapter 11

Textbook Notes - Chapter 11 (Social Class in Canada)

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SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

Sociology: Chapter 11 – Social Class in Canada Plus pages 224-227, 234-235, 282 Social stratification: a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy Social mobility: a change in position within the social hierarchy Caste System: social stratification based on ascription or birth Class system: social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement Meritocracy: social stratification based on personal merit Status consistency: the degree of consistency in a person’s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality. Income: occupational wages or salaries, earnings from investments, and government transfer payments Wealth: the total amount of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts Intragenerational social mobility: a change is social position occurring during a person’s lifetime Intergenerational social mobility: upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents Relative poverty: the deprivation of some people n relation to those who have more Absolute poverty: a deprivation of resources that is life-threatening Feminization of poverty: the trend by which women represent an increasing proportion of the poor Social Stratification 1. is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences 2. carries over from generation to generation (social mobility) 3. is universal but variable (what is unequal, how unequal is it) 4. involves not just inequality but beliefs as well Caste and Class Systems • Caste System – system is closed because birth alone determines a person’s entire future • Class System – system depends on developing people’s talents • Meritocracy – based on birth and merit – person’s k
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