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Chapter 13

SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Pink-Collar Worker, Skipping Rope, Kibbutz

Course Code
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

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Sociology: Chapter 13 – Gender Stratification
Gender: the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or
Gender Stratification: the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and
Patriarchy: a form of social organization in which males dominate females
Matriarchy: a form of social organization in which females dominate males
Sexism: the belief that one six is innately superior to the other
Gender Roles (Sex Roles): attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex
Intersection Theory: the interplay of race, class, and gender, often resulting in multiple dimensions of
Sexual Harassment: comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sexual nature that are deliberate,
repeated and unwelcome
Feminism: the advocacy of social equality for women and men, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism
Gender and Inequality
- Male/Female Differences – must be careful not to think of social differences in biological terms
ocultural patterns: men more intelligent than women
odifference in physical ability
- Gender in Global Perspective
oThe Israeli Kibbutz: In Israel, collective statements called kibbutzim; gender equality is
one of its stated goals
oMargaret Mead’s Research: if gender is based on biological differences, definition should
be consistent everywhere, but if it’s cultural there should be variations; New Guinea –
feminine culture; Mundugumor – masculine; Tchambuli, women were dominant and
rational and men were emotional, submissive and nurturing
Deborah Gewertz challenged Mead’s hypothesis
- Patriarchy and Sexism
oCosts of Sexism: limits talents and ambitions of less dominant sex; dominant sex engages
in risky behaviour
oIs Patriarchy Inevitable: women had little control in the past but now real choices in life;
Gender and Socialization
- in the past, women were described using such terms as emotional, passive, cooperative; men
were rational, active, competitive
- Gender and the Family: treat girls and boys differently (hugs vs. play, pink vs. blue)
- Gender and the Peer Group: form single sex play groups; boys favour team sports that have
complex rules and clear objectives; girls rather jump rope, talk, sing or dance – victory not the
ultimate goal
- Gender and Schooling: women – languages and social studies; men – math and sciences
- Gender and the Mass Media:
Gender and Social Stratification
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