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SOC*1100 DE

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

Socialization Creating Members of Society the key to our humanity • social experience makes the person • social contact develops the capacity for thought, emotion, meaningful behaviour and motor skills • human behaviour is not biologically set, relying instead on learning the nuances of culture culture makes us human and allows us to be part of society How does society do it? socialization = personality =lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn the patterns of their culture • a person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling and acting • develops in response to socialization nature v.s. nurture Charles Darwin: the role of nature theory of evolution = survival of the fittest the result of genetic variation over thousands of years biologically rooted traits that enhance survival emerge as a species “nature” when we talk of human nature we assume that our behaviours are rooted in biology (gender, crime, sexual orientation?) how much is nature, how much nurture? nurturing women, aggressive men social science: the role of nurture •behaviourism holds that behaviour patterns are not instinctive but learned humans differ only in their cultural environments “human nature” is infinitely malleable Pygmalion / My Fair Lady John/Joan “The boy who was raised as a girl” (p.175, Ch.8) •social scientists: are reluctant to describe any human behaviour as instinctive (even sociobiologists) genetic predispositions need opportunity to develop (e.g. musical or artistic ability) biologists agree that unless children use their brains in a variety of ways, the brain itself fails to develop (use it or lose it, dementia) social isolation Harlow’s rhesus monkeys Monkeys were totally isolated, they became fucked. Artificial moms, they still survived but were socially fucked With a mesh mother the
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