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SOC 1100 Chapter Notes -Dementia, Behaviorism, Sigmund Freud

Course Code
SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

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Socialization Creating Members of Society
the key to our humanity
social experience makes the person
social contact develops the capacity for thought, emotion, meaningful behaviour and motor skills
human behaviour is not biologically set, relying instead on learning the nuances of culture
culture makes us human and allows us to be part of society
How does society do it?
socialization =
• the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn the patterns of their culture
personality =
• a person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling and acting
• develops in response to socialization
nature v.s. nurture
Charles Darwin: the role of nature
theory of evolution = survival of the fittest the result of genetic variation over thousands of years
biologically rooted traits that enhance survival emerge as a species “nature”
when we talk of human nature we assume that our behaviours are rooted in biology (gender, crime, sexual orientation?)
how much is nature, how much nurture?
nurturing women, aggressive men
social science: the role of nurture
•behaviourism holds that behaviour patterns are not instinctive but learned
humans differ only in their cultural environments
“human nature” is infinitely malleable
Pygmalion / My Fair Lady
John/Joan “The boy who was raised as a girl” (p.175, Ch.8)
•social scientists:
are reluctant to describe any human behaviour as instinctive (even sociobiologists)
genetic predispositions need opportunity to develop (e.g. musical or artistic ability)
biologists agree that unless children use their brains in a variety of ways, the brain itself fails to develop (use it or lose it, dementia)
social isolation
Harlow’s rhesus monkeys
Monkeys were totally isolated, they became fucked.
Artificial moms, they still survived but were socially fucked
With a mesh mother they were better then the 2 categories above
Anna, Isabelle and Genie
How permanent are the effects of early isolation?
•Sigmund Freud
• basic human needs = bonding and aggression
• the human being’s basic drives
• a person’s conscious efforts to balance innate, pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society (PERSONALITY)
the operation of culture within the individual
conscience (society internalized)
George Herbert Mead: the social self
•the self:
a dimension of personality composed of a person’s self-awareness and self-image
develops over time and can change (it’s fluid)
a result of social experience (exchange of symbols)
understands the intentions of others
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