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SOC*1100 DE

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

CHAPTER 7 Groups and Organizations the context of interaction and belonging social group: “two or more people who identify and interact with one another” groups provide people with shared experiences, loyalties and interests category: • people who have some status in common • physicians, seniors, Québécois, farmers may recognize shared status, but do not all interact or know each other can be the basis for group formation • minority groups? ethnic groups? (should be categories) crowd – temporary cluster 400,000 at Rolling Stones SARS concert primary group • “a small social group whose members share personal and enduring relationships” spend time together wide range of activities together know each other well provides a sense of security / identity members can “be themselves” bound by emotion and loyalty who you are is important secondary group: •“is a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue specific interests or activities” weak emotional ties, little personal knowledge short-term, emerging, disappearing students in this course • dozens or hundreds of members only occasionally think of themselves as “we” goal orientation what you are, what you can do are important “score-keeping” on favours (reciprocity) leadership styles authoritarian instrumental concerns (achieving goals) assumes decision-making role expects compliance from subordinates effective in crisis management democratic expressive concerns, draws on ideas of all laissez-faire group functions on its own least effective in goal attainment group conformity Under what conditions do people conform to group expectations? How far will people go in order to conform? (shock experiment) Does groupthink interfere with effective decision-making? (group decision- making) •reference group: • a social group that serves as a point of reference in making
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