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Chapter 17

Chapter 17 Sociology Notes

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

PoliticsGovernment Chapter 17 SociologyPowerAuthority Max Weber claimed that every society is based on power which he defines as the ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from others The use of power is the business or government a formal organization that directs the political life of a society Authority power that people perceive as legitimate not coerciveTraditional Authority Preindustrial societies rely on Traditional Authority power legitimized by respect for longestablished cultural patterns means that people accept a system simply bc it has always been that way Traditional authority declines as societies industrialize Traditional authority supports patriarchyRationalLegal Authority power legitimize by legally enacted rulesregulations Weber viewed bureaucracy as the type of organization that dominates in rational thinking modern societies Also erodes traditional customs and practicesCharismatic Authority is power legitimized by extraordinary personal abilities that inspire devotionobedience Depends less on peoples ancestry or office and more on individual personalityRoutinization of Charisma the transformation of charismatic authority into some combination of traditionalbureaucratic authorityPolitics in Global PerspectiveAgrarian societies are larger with specialized jobs and a material surplus In these societies a small elite gains control of most of the wealthpower moving politics from family to become a social institution As societies grow even bigger politics takes the form of a national government or political state Effectiveness of a political state depends on available technologyMonarchy a political system in which a single family rules from generation to generation Commonly found in ancient agrarian societiesWith industrialization m
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