Textbook Notes (363,006)
Canada (158,140)
Sociology (1,110)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

Chapter 2 Sociological InvestigationBasics of Sociological Investigation 1 Apply the sociological perspective 2 Be curious and ask questionsIn order to answer our questions there are many forms of truthBelief or faithExpert testimonySimple agreementScienceScience as One Form of TruthLogical system that bases knowledge on direct systematic observationStands apart from faith belief or conventional wisdomRests on empirical evidence information we can verify with our sensesdata that you collectThe truth changesCommon Sense vs Scientific EvidencePoor people are far more likely than rich people to break the lawlawyersCanada is a middleclass society in which people are more or less equalstandard of living varies widelyPoor people dont want to workDifferences in the behavior of females and males are just human nature socializationPeople change as they grow old losing many interests as they focus on their healthMost people marry because they are in lovemen are more likely to marry for loveThree Ways to Do Sociology 1 Scientific sociologyBased on systematic observation of social behaviour on the basis of empirical evidence evidence you collect things you measure Also 2 Interpretive sociology 3 Critical sociologyScientific Sociology KNOW DEFINITIONSConcept a mental construct that represents some part of the world in a simplified formVariable a concept whose values change from case to caseMeasurement a procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific caseDefining Concepts Operationalizing a variable Specifying what one intends to measure in assigning a value to a variableReliability consistency in measurement Validity actually measuring exactly what one intends to measure
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