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Canada (158,336)
Sociology (1,110)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Culture

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

Chapter 3 CultureWhat is Culture The ways of thinking the ways of acting and the material objects that together shape a peoples way of lifeNonmaterial culture The ideas created by members of a society Material culture The physical things created by members of a society valueCulture ShockPersonal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life because ofImmigrationVisit a new countryMove between social environmentsNo way of life is natural to humanity but most people around the world view theirown behaviour in that wayCulture and Human Intelligence40 000 years ago people who looked more or less like us roamed the EarthCivilization emerged 12 000 years ago changing the natural environment to benefit themselvesNation political entity and peopleState political entity in a territory with bordersSociety People who interact in a defined territory and share cultureExperts document 7000 languagesThe Elements of CultureSymbolsLanguageValues and BeliefsNormsSymbolsAnything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a cultureSocieties create new symbols all the timeReality for humans is found in the meaning things carry with themPeople must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture and even vary within the same groups of peopleLanguageA system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one anotherCultural transmission The process by which one generation passes culture to the nextSapirWhorf thesis People perceive the world through the cultural lens of language
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