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Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Notes

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SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

Chapter 5 Notes SocializationSocialization refers to the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Personality a persons fairly consistent patterns of acting thinking and feeling build a personality by taking in ones surroundings Human Development Nature and Nurture Darwin led people to think that human behavior was instinctive or biology NATUREWatson developed a theory called Behaviorism which holds that behavior is not instinctive but learned people everywhere are equally human only differ in their cultural patternsNURTURE Social Isolation Study by Harry and Margaret Harlow placed monkeys in various conditions of social isolation found complete isolation with enough nutrition for 6 months cause severe developmental damage than placed monkeys in cages with artificial wire mothers they still survived but still unable to interact when placed in a group than artificial cloth mothers showed best results Studies of Isolated Children Anna found 5 years old unable to make any emotional contact or talk trapped in storage closed at 10 had the mental capacity of a 2 year old died at 10 from a blood disease Isabelle more responsive but same situation Genie still disabled as an adult Sigmund Freuds Elements of Personality claimed biology plays a major part in human development claimed humans have two basic drives 1 need for sexual and emotional bonding 2 aggressive drive death instinct Id human beings basic drives unconscious and demand immediate satisfaction Ego conscious effort to balance innate pleasureseeking drives with the demands of society Superego cultural values and norms internalized by an individual conscience culture in the form of superego represses selfish demands forcing people to look beyond their own desiressublimation redirects selfish drives into socially acceptable behavior Jean Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development1 The Sensorimotor Stagethe level of human development at which individuals experience the world only thought their senses first 2 years of life 2 The Preoperational Stagethe level of human development at which individuals first use language and other symbols between 26 3 The Concrete Operational Stagelevel of human development at which individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings between 711
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