SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19: Medicalization
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Chapter 19: Health and Medicine
The Black Death: Also known as the plague.
Life Expectancy: The average age at death of the members of a population.
Health: A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.
Health as Socially Constructed:
Environment and Housing
Education and Literacy
Precarious (Dangerous) Jobs also create bad health, due to stress and not reporting the issues because
the person does not want to lose his job.
Health and Inequality:
Public Health System: Comprises government-run programs that ensure access to clean
drinking water, basic sewage and sanitation services, and inoculation against infectious
Health Care System: Composed of a nation’s clinics, hospitals, and other facilities for ensuring
health and treating illnesses.
Infant Mortality: Number of deaths before the age of one for every 1000 live births in a
population in one year.
Morbidity: Acute and Chronic Illness.
Governments directly controls the financing and organizations of health services;
Directly pays providers;
Guarantees equal access to health care, and;
Allows some private care for individuals who are willing to pay for their medical expenses.
Medicine, Power and Culture:
Medicalization of Deviance: Tendency for medical definitions of deviant behaviour to become
more prevalent over time.
Sick Role: Involves non-deliberate suspension of routine responsibilities, wanting to be well,
seeking competent help, and cooperating with health care practitioners at all times.
Placebo Effect: Positive influence on healing of a strong belief in the effectiveness of a cure.
Holistic Medicine: Emphasizes disease prevention. Practitioners treat disease by taking into
account the relationship between mind and body and between the individual and his or her
social and physical environment.
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