SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Pastoralism, False Consciousness, Class Conflict

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Society- people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture. Socio-cultural evolution- changed that occur as a society gains new technology. Hunting and gathering- the use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation. Horticulture- the use of hand tools to raise crops. Agriculture- large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy source. Industrialism- the production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery. Post industrialism- technology that supports an information-based economy. Social conflict- the struggle between segments of society over valued resources. Capitalists: people who own and proletarians-people who sell their labour operate factories and other businesses for wages. Social institutions- the major spheres of social life, or societal subsystems, organized to meet human needs. False consciousness- explanations of social problems as shortcomings of individuals rather than as the flaws of society. Class conflict- conflict between entire classes over the distribution of society"s wealth and power.

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