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SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 8

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SOC 1100
Deanna Behnke- Cook

Chapter 8 Sexuality & Society Sex: biological distinction between females and males (biological point of view: the way humans reproduce) Primary sex characteristics: genitals, organs used for reproduction Secondary sex characteristics: bodily development, apart from the genitals that distinguishes biologically mature females and males. (Females: wider hips, milk producing breasts, soft, fatty tissues for nutrition supply) (Males: more body hair, muscle in upper body, deeper voices) Gender: an element of culture that refers to the personal traits and patterns of behavior including responsibilities, opportunities and privileges that a culture attaches to being female or male Intersexual people: people whose bodies, including genitals, have both female and male characteristics (hermaphrodites) Transsexuals: people who feel they are one sex though biologically they are the other Transgendered: disregard conventional ideas about how females or males should look and behave Gender reassignment: surgical alterations of genitals accompanied by hormone treatments Gender identity: traits that females and males, guided by their culture, incorporate into their personalities. Incest taboo: a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives. - Fornication laws punish heterosexual intercourse by unmarried couples - Canadians are restrictive and permissive o More permissive with respect to non-marital sex and homosexuality but more restrictive to extramarital sex (adultery) The Sexual Revolution (sex = topic of daily discussion & matter of individual choice) 1. Youth culture dominated public life- baby boom generation 2. Technology: birth control pill made sex more convenient 3. Narrowed “double standards” against women, greater changes for women The Sexual
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